Fed reveals more QE details

first_imgWednesday 10 November 2010 8:47 pm More From Our Partners Native American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgKansas coach fired for using N-word toward Black playerthegrio.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgPorsha Williams engaged to ex-husband of ‘RHOA’ co-star Falynn Guobadiathegrio.comFans call out hypocrisy as Tebow returns to NFL while Kaepernick is still outthegrio.com Show Comments ▼ Fed reveals more QE details whatsapp whatsapp center_img Share KCS-content by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity Timesmoneycougar.comThis Proves The Osmonds Weren’t So Innocentmoneycougar.comTaonga: The Island FarmThe Most Relaxing Farm Game of 2021. No InstallTaonga: The Island FarmAlphaCute30 Rules That All “Hells Angels” Have To FollowAlphaCutethedelite.comNetflix Cancellations And Renewals: The Full List For 2021thedelite.comMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryReporter CenterBrenda Lee: What Is She Doing Now At 76 Years of Age?Reporter CenterBlood Pressure Solution4 Worst Blood Pressure MedsBlood Pressure Solution The Federal Reserve will buy about $105bn (£65bn) of Treasuries and Treasury inflation-protected securities in 18 operations from 12 November to 9 December as part of its next batch of quantitative easing, the New York Fed said last night. Around $75bn of this sum is part of the new $600bn easing programme announced last week, with the remaining $30bn printed under a previously announced scheme. The Fed had already in August undertaken a programme of Treasury and TIPS buying, using funds from agency bonds. Tags: NULLlast_img read more

HCC vs GHG Live:Finnish Premier League T20 2020 LIVE: Helsinki CC…

first_img Sport News TAGSDateDream11 Team PredictionFinnish Premier League T20 2020 LIVEHCC vs GHG LiveHelsinki CC vs GYM Helsinki GymkhanaTeam NewsTime SHARE By Kunal Dhyani – August 19, 2020 Football Football Euro 2020 Top Scorers: Ronaldo joins Patrik Schick at top, Lukaku remains second; Check who is leading the Euro 2020 Golden Boot race Facebook Twitter Euro 2020 Points table: Germany secure first win, Poland keep Euro hopes alive; Check Euro 2020 latest group standings Euro 2020, Italy vs Wales: 3 key battles to watch out for in ITA vs WAL Football Euro 2020- Spain vs Poland Highlights: Spain held to 1-1 draw as Lewandowski’s Poland keep Euro hopes alive SportSport News HCC vs GHG Live:Finnish Premier League T20 2020 LIVE: Helsinki CC vs GYM Helsinki Gymkhana Dream11 Team Prediction,date,time,Team News, Squads – LIVE Cricket Score Football Tokyo Olympics Village: Organizers unveils Tokyo games athletes village to the media, check first look RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Tokyo Olympics: IOA fuming as Japan imposes stricter regulations on India’s Olympic team, calls it ‘discriminatory and unfair’ by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMicrosoftBring your desktop to life with Bing WallpaperMicrosoftUndoCapital One ShoppingThis hack can uncover JOANN discounts you don’t know aboutCapital One ShoppingUndoPhotoStickHow To Back Up All Your Old Photos In SecondsPhotoStickUndoHere some cricket fantasy tips to make your own team for Dream11 Finnish Premier League T20 LIVE (HCC vs GHG Dream11 Team Prediction)Finnish Premier League T20 LIVE: HCC vs GHG SquadHelsinki Cricket Club Squad:Zakiullah Kamal, Aniketh Pusthay, Arun Bhatia, Obaidullah Sadiqui, Rakesh Bhatia, Abbas Khan, Aminullah Malikzay, Avnish Kumar, Khalid Rahman Mangal, Zahidullah Kamal, Faheem Nellancheri, Abdul Wahid Qureshi, Abbas Butt, Abdul Ahad Qureshi, Maneesh Chauhan, Adnan SyedGYM Helsinki Gymkhana CC Squad:Mohammed Azhar, Simranjeet Brar, Irfan Yousufzai, Umair Akhtar, Muhammad Hassan, Nouman Raza, Shahid Gondal, Qais Yousufzai, Arslan Gondal, Saif Ur Rehman, Ahmad Jaleel, Pankaj Saharan, Faisal Shahzad, Muhammad Ghawas, Javed JanFinnish Premier League T20 LIVE: HCC vs GHG Probable XIHelsinki Cricket Club Probable XI – Ghulam Abbas Butt, Abdul Ahad Qureshi, Zahidullah Kamal, Aniketh Pushthay, Affan Bin Zafar, Faheem Nellancheri, Zakiullah Kamal, Maneesh Chauhan, Adnan Syed, Obaidullah Sadiqui, Amrik Bhatia.GYM Helsinki Gymkhana Probable XI – Pankaj Saharan, Saif-ur-Rehman, Simranjit Brar, Umair Akhtar, Shahid Gondal, Ahmad Jaleel, Muhammad Gawas, Bilal Masud, Faisal Shahzad, Javed Jan, Atti Rehman. Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Football YourBump15 Actors That Hollywood Banned For LifeYourBump|SponsoredSponsoredUndoDefinitionTime Was Not Kind To These 28 CelebritiesDefinition|SponsoredSponsoredUndoDaily FunnyFemale Athlete Fails You Can’t Look Away FromDaily Funny|SponsoredSponsoredUndoDefinitionMost Embarrassing Mistakes Ever Made In HistoryDefinition|SponsoredSponsoredUndoDefinitionWhat ‘Harry Potter’ Characters Were Actually Supposed To Look LikeDefinition|SponsoredSponsoredUndoPost FunThese Twins Were Named “Most Beautiful In The World,” Wait Until You See Them TodayPost Fun|SponsoredSponsoredUndo Football Euro 2020, Switzerland vs Turkey: Top 5 players to watch out for in SUI vs TUR Football Previous articleIPL 2020 Rajasthan Royals team update: Jaydev Unadkat to become interim RR captain in Steve Smith’s absence; ReportNext articleAsian Games medallist Sucha recovers from COVID-19 after nightmarish experience during treatment Kunal DhyaniSports Tech enthusiast, he reports on Sports Tech industry and writes on sports products. Euro 2020 LIVE broadcast in more than 200 countries, check how you can watch Live Streaming of EURO 2020 in your country Latest Sports News Euro 2020, Switzerland vs Turkey LIVE: Switzerland to punish hapless Turkey; Follow Live Updates, Follow Live update Finnish Premier League T20 LIVE between Helsinki CC vs GYM Helsinki Gymkhana (HCC vs GHG Dream11 Team Prediction).Finnish Premier League T20 LIVE: HCC vs GHG Dream11 Team PredictionMatch: Helsinki CC vs GYM Helsinki Gymkhana (HCC vs GHG)Date: 19 Aug, 2020Time: 8:00 PM IST Football Euro 2020, Italy vs Wales LIVE: Gareth Bale and Co face do-or-die clash; Italy eye third consecutive win; Follow Live Updates,last_img read more

BAN vs SL: SLC gives one-month deadline to sign contract as…

first_img By Kunal Dhyani – May 18, 2021 Cricket Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter BAN vs SL: SLC gives one-month deadline to sign contract as cricketers threaten to quit Wimbledon 2021 LIVE streaming: When, where and how to watch year’s third Grand Slam’ in you country, India Cricket BAN vs SL: Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) has given 1-month deadline to sign contract to Kusal Perera & Co after they threaten to quit BAN vs SL: Sri Lanka cricket is going through a rough patch with mixed on-field performance and continuous dispute with the board. As the team, led by Kusal Perera, is touring Bangladesh for a limited-overs series, the players’ lawyers are fighting a battle with the board over pay disputes. As things stand, both are adamant in their demands with SLC wanting the players to take a pay cut and offering a new contract system while players demanding to reveal all the fine details of the contract. Ashley de Silva, Sri Lanka Cricket’s member of the managing committee, said the players have only a month’s time to sign the contract while the cricketers have threatened to quit if the contract details are not revealed.Ashley de Silva said that the contracts have been finalized and amended as per players’ demand. “The contracts have been finalised. The players have appointed a lawyer and they wanted certain amendments to be done in the agreement which our lawyers have done. Now we are in the process of sharing it with the senior players. So far nobody has said that they are not going to sign it,” De Silva told Daily FT. WTC Final 2021: India vs New Zealand Full Squad, Schedule, Live Streaming, Date, Time, Venue all you need to know World Test Championship final WTC Final Live: Virat Kohli continues century drought as Kyle Jamieson wins IPL team rivalry Cricket Cricket WTC Final LIVE: Muttiah Muralitharan voted ‘Greatest Men’s Test Bowler’ of 21st century WTC Final Day 3 LIVE Score: Latham, Conway provide slow start, India eye breakthrough; NZ 22/0 (14 ovs)- Follow Live Updates Freight & Shipping Quotes | Search AdsResearch & Compare Freight & Shipping QuotesEnjoy Affordable Freight & Shipping Services With These Service ProvidersFreight & Shipping Quotes | Search Ads|SponsoredSponsoredYourBump15 Actors That Hollywood Banned For LifeYourBump|SponsoredSponsoredMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleNow she has a normal job.MoneyPail|SponsoredSponsoredSenior Living | Search AdsNew Senior Apartments Coming to Scottsdale (Take A Look at The Prices)Senior Living | Search Ads|SponsoredSponsoredGundry MD Bio Complete 3 SupplementTop Surgeon: This Simple Trick Empties Your Bowels Every Morning (Almost Immediately)Gundry MD Bio Complete 3 Supplement|SponsoredSponsoredTaonga: The Island FarmThe Most Relaxing Farm Game of 2021. No InstallEnjoy farming, stock up and make friends. Taonga is a whole world full of adventure!Taonga: The Island Farm|SponsoredSponsored Cricket CricketSrilanka tour of Bangladesh 2021 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Cricket by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeIPL 2020: Bad news for Sunrisers Hyderabad’s Jonny BairstowIPL 2020 : Srikanth and fans slams MS Dhoni, says ‘wasted 15 Cr on Jadhav & Chawla’Suresh Raina issues statement after arrest, says the incident in Mumbai was ‘unintentional’Also Read: Sri Lanka tour of Bangladesh: Many Sri Lanka cricketers refuse to sign central contracts after huge pay cutsBAN vs SL: “The current team to Bangladesh has gone on a tour agreement and they have been given the new agreement to go through and if anybody wanted to sign it, they could. I haven’t got the feedback from the manager because they took off yesterday morning,” Ashley De Silva added.His comments came a day after players’ lawyer said that several cricketers from Kusal Perera’s side threatened to quit if the contract is not amended. Under the new contract system, players have been divided into four categories with a new point system. Players will accumulate points on fitness, discipline, leadership, overall value to the team and performance in international and domestic cricket in the last two years. However, when the board said it would not reveal the point system, players threatened to quit en masse due to lack of transparency.BAN vs SL: “Each individual player very correctly believes they are entitled to a disclosure on the points allotted which categorised their ranking. Transparency would also create unity and harmony. All players are in unison seeking this information. Transparency is paramount so that the players also know how they were assessed and what weaknesses they need to address,” Nishan Sydney Premathiratne, the lawyer who is representing the players told Sunday Times.Also Read: India Tour of Sri Lanka: Covid-19 cases increasing in Sri Lanka, SLC worried about India tourHowever, as things stand, the board is heading towards putting the rift aside as de Silva said that contracts have been amended and handed over to the Kusal Perera & Co to sign.BAN vs SL: “The amended contracts were handed over to the players yesterday (Saturday). Either they will sign it in Bangladesh or when they come back. Other players who are in Sri Lanka we would be sharing it on Monday. We will give the players time till the end of the month to sign the new contracts,” Ashley de Silva said.Also Read in Hindi: BAN vs SL: बांग्लादेश क्रिकेट बोर्ड ने लगभग 140 करोड़ रुपये में बैन टेक को बेचे टीवी अधिकार: रिपोर्ट“The categorisation has been done by the selectors and the technical committee which has been appointed and that has been communicated to all the players. Certain players wanted certain clarifications. We have already done it on virtual and the agreements would be shared with all the national players by tomorrow (Monday) because of the lockdown. They wanted some clarifications to be done category wise. When their categories changed they wanted to know how it has happened and how the points are being given to those clarifications,” he added. Cricket ICC WTC Final LIVE commentary: AIR, DD Sports to live stream & broadcast India vs New Zealand for free Previous articlePremier League: Leicester, Chelsea & Liverpool in three-way fight for two remaining Champions League spotsNext articleENG vs IND: Stuart Broad says Anderson and him are the best bowling attack in England Kunal DhyaniSports Tech enthusiast, he reports on Sports Tech industry and writes on sports products. WTC Final 2021 LIVE: 5 Ways to watch India vs New Zealand World Test Championship LIVE Streaming for free IND vs NZ Live Streaming for free with Jio, Airtel and Vodafone Idea, Check out the best Recharge Plan Facebook Twitter Cricket Cricket WTC Final Live- Ind vs NZ: Kyle Jamieson bags 5th five-wicket haul in 8th Test, rattles India in WTC final Cricket WI vs SA 2nd Test Day 3 Live: Start delayed due to rain, SA lead by 149 runs – Follow Live Updates TAGSBan vs SLKusal PereraSLC- cricketer contract disputeSri Lanka CricketSri Lanka cricketer dispute SHARElast_img read more

Nedbank Swaziland Limited (NEDB.sz) 2011 Annual Report

first_imgNedbank Swaziland Limited (NEDB.sz) listed on the Swaziland Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2011 annual report.For more information about Nedbank Swaziland Limited (NEDB.sz) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Nedbank Swaziland Limited (NEDB.sz) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Nedbank Swaziland Limited (NEDB.sz)  2011 annual report.Company ProfileNedbank (Swaziland) Limited is a leading financial services group in Swaziland offering products and services for the private, commercial and corporate market. It is a subsidiary of the Nedbank Group of South Africa and was established in Swaziland following Nedbank’s acquisition of Standard Chartered Banks local majority shareholding in 1997. Nedbank (Swaziland) Limited’s product and service offering ranges from current accounts, savings and fixed and term deposits to mortgage and trade finance. The loan division offers assistance for personal, micro, home, vehicle and SME business loans. The company also provides franchising and specialised financing, as well as letters of credit and performance guarantees. Its headquarters are in Mbabane, Swaziland. Nedbank (Swaziland) Limited is listed on the Swaziland Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Britam Holdings Limited (BRIT.ke) 2016 Abridged Report

first_imgBritam Holdings Limited (BRIT.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Investment sector has released it’s 2016 abridged results.For more information about Britam Holdings Limited (BRIT.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Britam Holdings Limited (BRIT.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Britam Holdings Limited (BRIT.ke)  2016 abridged results.Company ProfileBritam Holdings Limited is an investment holding company providing solutions for insurance, investment management and property management for the personal, commercial and corporate sectors. The company services markets in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, South Sudan, Malawi and Mozambique. Britam Holdings Limited also offers solutions for short- and long-term insurance, asset management and property management. Personal and corporate solutions are available for individual and group life, pension, medical, micro and general insurance. Its insurance product offering covers unit-linked products and plans for education, whole-life plans, life, critical illness, disability as well as products covering fire, aviation, engineering, motor, marine, personal accidents, liability, theft and workers compensation. Britam Holdings Limited specialist divisions deal with discretionary/segregated portfolio management, wealth management and unit trusts. The company has interests in purchasing and selling properties and developing, leasing or renting land. Formerly known as British-American Investments Company (Kenya) Limited when it was founded in 1920, the company changed its name to Britam Holdings Limited in 2015. The company head office is in Nairobi, Kenya. Britam Holdings Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

What’s behind the U.S. ban on TikTok?

first_imgWith more than 100 million monthly users in the U.S., nearly 70% of whom are ages 13-24, TikTok has quickly become a wildly popular, short-video social media app. Owned by Chinese corporation ByteDance Ltd., TikTok is the sixth most popular social media app worldwide, according to usage statistics compiled in January of this year. (hootsuite.com, May 7)Teenage users of the app — colloquially referred to as “TikTok teens” — are credited with using TikTok to thwart a June 20 reelection rally of President Donald Trump in Tulsa, Okla., by reserving a huge number of tickets under fake names. Leading up to the planned rally, Trump and his campaign team bragged about overfilling the arena where the event was planned. Instead, they were met with a venue that was less than half-filled. The crowds they anticipated never materialized.Trump issued an executive order Aug. 6 that will effectively ban TikTok and WeChat, another Chinese-owned messaging and social media app, from operating in the U.S. by mid-September. The reason for this drastic move is allegedly “to protect national security.” This is related to accusations around data security and privacy. In reality, the U.S. government’s action is an escalation of Washington’s ongoing efforts to undermine China, particularly in the growing battle around the development and ownership of technology.China’s rising tech development threatens U.S. profitsFacebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg attended a private dinner in October 2019 at the White House with Trump, White House adviser Jared Kushner and billionaire tech investor Peter Thiel, who is also on Facebook’s board. The dinner was part of a concerted effort by Zuckerberg and his company to get an audience with some of the most aggressively anti-China members of Congress.Of course, this event was a  bipartisan affair, meant to stoke concern about TikTok in particular and the rising threat posed to U.S. technological corporations’ global market share. (Wall Street Journal, Aug. 23)Parroting the racist and growing anti-communist rhetoric coming from the top levels of both U.S. capitalist political parties, when asked about the meeting between Zuckerberg and Trump, Facebook representative Andy Stone told the Wall Street Journal, “As Chinese companies and influence have been growing, so has the risk of a global internet based on their values, as opposed to ours.”Facebook was also one of the companies to found a new organization called American Edge — a supergroup composed of many major players in the U.S. tech industry — to lobby and run public relations campaigns around their interests. These interests include reducing regulations and scrutiny of the industry, as well as unifying efforts by the tech industry to take on growing Chinese technological innovation and dominance.In American Edge’s founding statement entitled “Who We Are,” posted on its website, China is the only country other than the U.S. that is mentioned by name.  The corporate coalition cites the following fact as being a major impetus for its formation: “9 of the top 20 technology companies are now based in China rather than the U.S.”It is curious that Facebook, among other U.S. tech giants and politicians, would cite concerns over data security and allegations of censorship in their opposition to TikTok and other Chinese-owned apps. After all, Facebook abruptly removed the pages of It’s Going Down, Crimethinc and other prominent anti-fascist and anarchist pages without any warning on Aug. 19. The tech company has a long, well-documented history of removing left-wing political pages and suppressing posts in news feeds.In 2018, the personal information of millions of Facebook users was accessed without their knowledge by the political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica. This is only one of countless leaks of users’ personal information. In addition, these corporations show their allegiance to U.S. governmental police agencies by complying with their requests for such information.U.S. companies line up like pigs at the trough Following Trump’s executive order banning TikTok, U.S. technology corporations have been circling like vultures to get their hands on U.S.-based operations of the app, which could be put up for sale before the mid-September deadline banning it.At the head of this ravenous pack are Microsoft and Walmart, which submitted a joint bid. Oracle is trying to buy the company. Twitter and other companies have expressed interest in purchasing TikTok.There is certainly a lot of money to be made by whichever U.S. corporation buys the app, should such a sale eventually take place. On Aug. 29, China formally asserted its right to be involved in the negotiations taking place concerning TikTok’s operations in the U.S., in an effort to protect other more sensitive technologies that were developed by the app.Similar to the campaign now being waged against TikTok, Huawei is another Chinese technology company that has been aggressively attacked by the U.S. and its imperialist allies in the last two years. Huawei recently overtook Samsung as the world’s largest smartphone producer. Huawei is currently the world’s largest manufacturer of telecom equipment, such as chips, and is a global leader in the development of 5G wireless technology.U.S. ups anti-China attacksThe expansion and profitability of U.S. technological corporations are certainly key aspects of the attacks on TikTok. However, this is only one part of the latest widening conflict instigated by the U.S. against China.By every measure China is surpassing the U.S. in technological innovation, owed in large part to the social organization of Chinese society, which encourages and fosters such developments. China’s achievements threaten the long-term viability of the position which U.S. corporations have enjoyed for decades in reaping the benefits of technological developments.U.S. imperialism depends on its reliable partnerships with U.S.-based technological corporations, in order to develop new means to advance and protect its global imperialist interests. That those technologies can be developed elsewhere, and which in many cases are superior to those developed in the U.S., is a major threat.The Trump administration has ramped-up open attacks on China with the imposition of tariffs and other means, but taking aim at China is a bipartisan project. Democratic Party presidential candidate Joe Biden has been competing with Trump about who can take the most aggressive stance against China — in the interest of preserving the dominance of U.S. imperialism as it continues to decline.Faced by a multitude of severe problems — a deepening economic crisis, a pandemic, a growing movement in the streets against racist police murders and an emerging political fight around the 2020 presidential elections — Washington’s escalating attacks on China show the desperation of a capitalist system that is losing its legitimacy on every level. This environment can present many opportunities, alongside many threats, as these crises intensify.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

‘Shoot for Heroes’

first_img By Odessa American – April 17, 2021 Show of Support has scheduled a Sporting Clay Shoot, “Shoot for Heroes,” July 30 at Windwalker Farms Sporting Clays, 2551 County Road C2801, Stanton.Check in for the first flight is at 7:30 a.m.Show of Support is a 501c3 non- profit organization honoring America’s wounded veterans. Their purpose is to demonstrate public support for the men and women of our military by providing outdoor hunting adventures to those men and women who have been injured in service to our country.Sponsorships are available.To sponsor or for more information, call 432-687-2167 or visit showofsupport.org. Facebook Pinterest Local News ‘Shoot for Heroes’ WhatsApp Pinterest Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Twitter Previous articleMusic in the ParkNext articleSelena tribute Odessa Americanlast_img read more

Man sustains head injuries in Derry assault

first_img Google+ LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton Man sustains head injuries in Derry assault Facebook WhatsApp Google+ Almost 10,000 appointments cancelled in Saolta Hospital Group this week News Police in Derry are appealing for information following a serious assault in the Argyle Street area of the city this morning.Shortly after 8am, it was reported that a 48 year old man was attacked in the street, sustaining head injuries. He was taken to hospital for treatement for his injuries, which are not believed to be life threatening.Two men aged 25 and 34 were arrested a short time later, they remain in custody. Facebook Twitter Twittercenter_img Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH Business Matters Ep 45 – Boyd Robinson, Annette Houston & Michael Margey RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp By News Highland – July 14, 2012 Pinterest Pinterest Previous articleMan injured in Letterkenny stabbingNext articleMEP calls for Mauritius boycott as DPP defends police investigation News Highland Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson last_img read more

How To Crack The Advocate On Record Examination

first_imgColumnsHow To Crack The Advocate On Record Examination Sumeer Sodhi & Shreya Nair17 April 2020 8:56 PMShare This – xThe Advocate on Record Examination conducted by the Supreme Court of India has earned the reputation of being notoriously hard to crack. Though having already been put through the mill, I am here to attempt to demystify the shroud of uncertainty that deters many aspirants from taking the examination. The primary source of encouragement for writing the present article has been the…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Advocate on Record Examination conducted by the Supreme Court of India has earned the reputation of being notoriously hard to crack. Though having already been put through the mill, I am here to attempt to demystify the shroud of uncertainty that deters many aspirants from taking the examination. The primary source of encouragement for writing the present article has been the Novel Corona Virus (Covid-19), which has made most lawyers brief-less, including me. Why Become an Advocate on Record: Only one who has cleared the Advocate on Record Examination has the privilege to file appearance and act on behalf of a party before the Supreme Court. An advocate who is not an Advocate on Record may not appear on behalf of a party unless instructed by the Advocate on Record. Thus upon clearing the Advocate on Record examination you instantly become part of a niche club of lawyers who may file and plead before the Supreme Court. Becoming an Advocate on Record, in my humble opinion, completes you as a lawyer and prepares you for practicing in any court and in any field of law; the preparation for the examination itself embracing a wide spectrum of subjects. While the examination may seem cumbersome and tedious, it opens many avenues that may otherwise remain closed for you. For instance, there are many empanelments for the Supreme Court, such as State Panels, which require that the empaneled lawyer be an Advocate on Record, as only an Advocate on Record can file and plead in the Supreme Court. Necessity of an Examination to become an Advocate on Record: The Advocate on Record Examination is meant to ensure that those appearing in the Supreme Court are equipped with the necessary knowledge and experience to appear before the Apex Court. The purpose is to maintain a certain standard for pleaders in the Supreme Court, thus the minimum experience requirement. Being an Advocate on Record is not just a prestigious title, it is a profile that comes with huge responsibility. As an Advocate on Record you are held to a higher standard and expected to be an officer of the Court in the truest of senses. The Advocates on Record System has been challenged before the Supreme Court on the basis that it creates a class amongst lawyers and restricts other lawyers from appearing before the Supreme Court, however the said challenge was dismissed. Counsel Practise vis-à-vis being an AoR: Of course, many of you must be wondering if clearing the Advocate on Record Examination would tantamount to making a choice between Counsel Practice and being a filing Attorney, however such an assumption is blatantly untrue and unsubstantiated. Unlike in erstwhile Presidency Courts such as Mumbai, Madras, and Calcutta, practice of lawyers in Delhi does not distinguish much between Counsel Practice and Filing Practice. In fact there is the supposition that the Advocate on Record will be the arguing Counsel for the matter, unless the Client deems fit to engage a Counsel or a Senior Counsel. I firmly believe that becoming an Advocate on Record is a great way to build up a reliable Counsel Practice in Supreme Court, as there is a basic expectation of arguing on behalf of your Client. Historically speaking, many esteemed Judges, present and former, as well as established Senior Advocates have been Advocates on Record for instance, Hon’ble Justice (Retd.) Madan B Lokur, Hon’ble Mr. Justice A.M. Khanwilkar, Hon’ble Ms. Justice Indu Malhotra, Hon’ble Mr. Justice S. Muralidhar, as well as Mr. Ranjit Kumar, Senior Advocate to name a few. Time Required for preparation of Examination: The first question which has been put to me often by various aspirants wanting to appear for the examination is “How many months of preparation does it take to crack the AoR”? There is no straightjacket formula which can be applied in order to clear the examination. It largely depends upon whether a person has regularly practiced in the Supreme Court or not. To avoid ambiguity, it is clarified that the word “regularly” should be interpreted to mean exclusive practice in Supreme Court or someone who has drafted and filed petitions in Supreme Court and knows the general procedure of how the Court functions. One must therefore honestly evaluate him/herself to ascertain whether or not one’s practice can be termed as “regular” in the Supreme Court. The idea being that one who has practiced regularly in the Supreme Court would already be aware of the practice and procedure, and thus will be able to brush up faster on the basic material than someone who has only a distant superficial understanding of the Court. For someone who has regularly practiced in Supreme Court, a period of three months should be enough to cover the material that is provided for preparation of the examination. A three to four hours uninterrupted study of the material for the period abovementioned should be sufficient. However for someone who has little or no experience of Supreme Court functioning ought to give about three hours a day for at least five to six months. For those who have superannuated or resigned from government service or from a legal department of a company, a period of about six months should suffice for the preparation. The same period should apply to a lawyer who is taking up litigation after having worked in non-litigation fields such as in a non litigating law firm or the corporate sector. Having said that, it must be added that the period ranging between three to six months has been advised, assuming that everyone giving this examination has other tasks to attend to. Understandably it is almost impossible to give up your practice of law, and put your life on hold in order to completely devote your time for the preparation. Keeping that in mind, I maintain that devoting three to four hours a day is more than enough to adequately prepare for the examination. No matter whether you have practiced in the Supreme Court regularly or not, the material to be covered is vast. Therefore a focused and smart preparation will ensure that you clear the exam in a single attempt. Pattern of the Examination and what to expect of your Examiners: The AoR examination is conducted by the Board of Examiners of the Supreme Court. The Board of Examiners in turn are appointed by the Committee of three judges who are nominated by the Chief Justice of India for this purpose. The attempt here is to chart out tips to crack the examination, so we can raise the percentage of those who are successful. The AoR examination consists of four papers of three hours each. Every paper is for a total of 100 marks. The Four papers are – Practice and ProcedureAdvocacy and Professional EthicsDraftingCase Laws The examination pattern varies from time to time as is evident from the past years question papers. The pattern may consist of essay type questions for which lengthy answers are required. This pattern is not unlike the patterns followed in colleges such as Faculty of Law, Delhi University or Government Law College in Bombay or any college under Pune University. The papers may even include a few Multiple Choice Questions. The question papers may give a choice between two questions or a choice between ten out of all twenty questions. Therefore since there is no fixed pattern of setting the examination, the aspirant must be mentally prepared for either eventuality. Just as with all competitive exams, it is crucial that while giving the examination, one must focus just as much on time-management as well as the correctness of the answers. More important than knowing the pattern of the question papers, is knowing what the examiner expects of every candidate. Most members of the Board of Examiners are Senior Advocates, though the Committee of Judges may appoint any person to the Board of Examiners. These Examiners are equipped with immense practical experience thus making them the best judge of the knowledge, merit, and aptitude of the examinee. Unlike law school examinations, one does not get more marks for writing more, as rambling fluff will only lead to a lack of clarity in the answers which is one of the criteria on which you will be adjudged. What one writes in a concise form and with clarity of law, is what matters. It is of course advisable to have a clean hand writing but there is not much that can be done in certain hopeless cases like mine, but do ensure that at the very least, the handwriting is legible, unlike those of doctors on a prescription. No petition is filed in Supreme Court, which is handwritten, and therefore it should not even matter as to how you write, as long as it is legible. What is crucial, however, is the ability to write fast for three hours straight. All of us in this computer generation have lost that skill, so you may need to regain it. I advise making hand written notes as you prepare, which will not only give you clarity in your preparation but will also give you practice for writing. To begin your preparation, the first step is to familiarize yourself with the patterns of the past papers, as well as the various topics covered. This is a must do before taking on the task of preparation of AoR examination. This will give you a fairly good idea about how the papers are set, and broadly what are the topics you need to cover. While going through these papers, I recommend making a list of all those topics, which have repeatedly come up in past years examinations. One must prepare these topics extensively. Study Material: Most of the material you will require is readily available with the photocopiers in the Supreme Court. The bundle provided may seem overwhelming at first, but is manageable if approached in a systematic manner. The material will consist of all the landmark/relevant case laws, photocopies of commentaries (in gross violation of copyright law) on Professional Ethics, Practice and Procedure, and formats of drafts. Post analysis of the question papers, one would realize that most of the material which is provided is not exactly relevant. My advice therefore is to work on the topics shortlisted from the material which might be already available in your office / your chambers / your law firms library or even online. Breaking down the subject into topics helps in better preparation for which one shouldn’t shy away from taking recourse to articles and research papers online. This helps in creation of a fundamental understanding of how the particular subject of law has evolved over a period of time and also gives a historical and analytical viewpoint. Such clarity on development of law is what Supreme Court Examiners look out for. For instance if one were to consider a topic of “Appeal against acquittal” in the subject of Practice and Procedure, historically one must know that initially (Old CrPC) there was no provision for appeal against an acquittal order at all. Thereafter a right to appeal was provided for the prosecution followed (CrPC 1973) by a right in favor of a victim to file an appeal against an acquittal (2009 amendment). Hence the idea is to understand how the law has evolved. In a nutshell, since there is no fixed syllabus for this examination, thus there cannot be a fixed source of study material. The material, which is made available, can of course be referred to while preparing for a particular subject. For simplification of how to go about preparing each subject, a few tips / topics are being shared hereinafter: Practice and Procedure The distinction that has been drawn earlier in the present article with respect to the time duration required for preparation of the present examination on the basis of past practical experience of Supreme Court practice of a lawyer, is most relevant for the subject of Practice and Procedure. Most of the tasks performed by an active Supreme Court lawyer in normal course of discharge of professional duties greatly assist in preparation of this subject. This paper is designed to test an Advocate’s familiarity with the day-to-day procedure that forms the basis of any practice before the Supreme Court. The paper is set to assess not only the knowledge of the functioning of the Supreme Court but also the various jurisdictions and powers of the Court. Thus you must be thoroughly versed with the both the substantive and procedural law that comprises the practice before the Supreme Court. While this may seem daunting, upon breaking down the topics to be covered you will find that while the field is vast, many concepts would sound familiar. Upon going through the past papers you will find that most of the topics are repeated frequently, I have culled out the major topics that you must cover as the bare minimum – Different Jurisdictions of Supreme Court:Writ jurisdiction (Article 32)Election of President and Vice President (Article 71)Ordinary Original Jurisdiction (Article 131)Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court (Articles 132-136)Article 134 – Criminal appeals to Supreme CourtArticle 136 (Special Leave Petition) – Extra Ordinary Appellate jurisdictionAdvisory Jurisdiction of Supreme Court (Article 143):Power to transfer cases: Civil and CriminalStatutory AppealsJurisdiction to appoint an arbitrator MiscellaneousAffidavits – Same as Order XIX CPCVacation BenchCourt FeesStare decisis (Article 141)Power to do complete justice (Article 142) Powers and duties of Chamber Judge and Registrar Concept of Curative Petitions Power of Supreme Court to punish for contempt Supreme Court Rules 2013 (amended upto date) The topics given hereinabove are only to advisory in nature, and are those topics which are mandatory to prepare before taking the examination. Questions may vary from describing all Supreme Court jurisdictions in short to describing only writ jurisdiction and therefore time management would become important. The topics are of course only illustrative and one must endeavor to be thorough with the entire Supreme Court Rules. Advocacy and Professional Ethics The best way to prepare for this paper is to first thoroughly go through the Advocates Act and the Bar Council of India Rules. It seems almost ludicrous that this would even bear mentioning, but it is the unfortunate and inescapable fact that for most lawyers that join the bar the least read piece of legislation is the one which governs their practice i.e. the Advocates Act. For additional reading for this paper I highly recommend the book on Professional Ethics authored Mr. Raju Ramachandaran, Senior Advocate. This book is seminal in helping expand your horizons when it comes to the morals and ethics involved in being a lawyer. While going through Mr. Ramachandran’s book I recommend you contemplate and formulate your ideas on topics such as; whether the Bar Council of India Rules need modification, or if there should be a cap on the fee of lawyers, or if there should be mandatory provision for lawyers to provide free legal aid, or what it means to be an officer of the court and how that requires striking a balance between fighting for your client and never crossing the line. These topics, amongst others, appear frequently in past papers, and are designed to test how committed you are to the ethics that bind the legal profession. In preparing for this paper and in addition to the above, these are certain topics which I would deem mandatory for you to prepare – Advocate’s Duties to the CourtAdvocate’s Duties to the Client Advocate’s Duties to their Opponent Advocate’s Duties to Colleagues Advocate’s Right to Strike Professional Misconduct vis-à-vis the concept of “privilege to practice”Right to LienIgnoring “personal view of guilt of client” in order to justify your duty towards the clientWhether hospitality provided by lawyers to judges is acceptableRight of lawyer to advertise; Why is there a bar of lawyers advertising their abilities? To what extent can a lawyer advertise even on a website?Role of an amicus curiae.Contempt of Supreme Court Concept of conflict of interest Whether Chinese wall policy adopted by a few lawyers is ethical Drafting In the normal course of our practice, we seemed to have adopted a formulaic approach to drafting petitions, and thus not too much thought is put into the declarations that are incorporated into the draft. I therefore advise that when preparing for the Drafting Examination one must start by sketching out a skeleton draft of different pleadings that you could be asked to draft. Lay out the entire structure of the petition, starting with the cause title, from “In the Supreme Court of India” and ending with “Advocate for the Petitioner”. Your draft must be accompanied by the requisite Affidavit and the Certificate as required. Since the examination consists of a combination of various drafts, the above exercise should be carried out for a Special Leave Petition, Civil / Criminal Appeal, Writ Petition, Suit, and a Transfer Petition. Once you have a skeletal framework for each draft, you will find yourself with a source bank for revision as well as for future drafting. While drafting a Special Leave Petition it is crucial to understand the distinction between a Question of law, which is to be raised in a SLP, and grounds that form the basis of your arguments. Though your grounds may concern facts arising out of a case, the Questions of law would always be with respect to interpretation or implementation of a provision of law. To put it simply, your Question of Law must be one that can be determined without reference to the facts arising out of the case. Whereas a Suit on the other hand must not contain any ground and must be drafted succinctly with the sole purpose of making out a clear-cut cause of action. Thus, one must include in the plaint as to why the plaintiff is entitled to a particular relief and but how the Plaintiff proves its case would be a part of the evidence and not plaint. Generally, the Drafting Examination is a lengthy question paper, and thus time management is key to cracking this paper. Therefore, once you have chosen the questions you will be answering in the paper on the basis of the subject of interest (in case of choice), you must highlight in the question paper all the important facts which are to be included in the list of dates of the draft. This would save time and energy, and ensure that crucial facts are not missed out in your draft. When preparing for this paper you must focus on the details that distinguish various drafts. For instance, in case of an SLP, the facts mentioned in the List of Dates are not to be repeated in the main body of the pleading, as opposed to in a civil appeal, where the facts forming the list of dates are reiterated briefly in the body of the appeal. You must know where the annexures of the petition/appeal are marked, i.e., whether in the List of Dates or in the main body of the petition or appeal, as the case may be. One of the most crucial and significant skills of an Advocate on Record, is the ability to concisely and clearly draft the synopsis which must summarize legal grounds raised in the petition or appeal as the case may be. The Synopsis ought not to be a factual summary of the case, but instead should contain very little facts and should be very concise. The purpose of the Synopsis is to lay out the petitioner’s entire case on law at the very outset. It must not be a reiteration of either the questions of law or the grounds raised in the main body but a succinct combination of facts, questions of law, and grounds and must lay bare the perversity of the Impugned Order. Case Laws One of the most tedious and exhaustive subjects to prepare is Case Laws. The list of case laws is generally provided on the Supreme Court website and is revised every year, therefore one must obtain the latest list before beginning the preparation. Generally, the total number of cases can be anywhere from 50-60 cases, yet your advantage in this paper is that everyone is provided with the SCR Journals for all the cases during the examination. However let me be clear in saying that there is no way to evade reading all these cases, no summary or analysis can replace actually reading the judgments. There is no substitute for hard work. This is not a cause for worry, as long as you are systematic in your approach. Start by dividing the list of case laws subject wise such as education, service, civil, criminal, constitutional et al. Once this is done, chronologically prepare the subject wise list of case laws. This would help you in reading the said case laws like a story, and help you chart of the evolution of the law. However before you get to actually reading these case laws, I recommend that you either watch a lecture by an expert online (such as for Constitutional Law case laws, by Mr. Rohinton Nariman’s, now a Judge, speech at the Faculty of Law[1] regarding Ninth Schedule of the Constitution) or read up a well researched article which talks about the growth of law since its inception. The advantage of this is two fold, first you will be introduced to case laws other than the ones mentioned in the list provided and second it will lend you a better analytic and critical understanding of the position of law and its evolution. Another important aspect to be kept in mind is that the examiners expect the aspirant to be conceptually clear. An aspirant who knows how the Supreme Court has evolved the law over time on a particular subject would definitely have an advantage over someone who doesn’t. Don’t shy away from reasonably and constructively criticizing a judgment, since that is part of what makes a good lawyer and AoR. The Advocate on Record Examination, while not an easy task, is one that is infinitely rewarding, and the process of preparation in itself will make you a better lawyer. The Examination is meant to evolve the standard of eligibility or appearing, pleading and acting before the Supreme Court, thus the rigors of preparing for this examination will only enhance your capabilities as a lawyer. Views Are Personal Only. (Sumeer is practicing as an Advocate on Record in Supreme Court and Shreya Nair is practicing Lawyer. Sumeer scored Second Rank in the AoR Exam held in 2017.) [Caveat / Disclaimer: The present disclaimer is nothing short of an insurance cover from a prospective aspirant’s law suit claiming damages for not being able to crack the AoR Examination for alleged wrong/incomplete guidance. There are multiple variables which are required for preparation of the examination which may vary from case to case and therefore, the author cannot and must not be sued.] [1] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R9odvAGsqO0 Next Storylast_img read more

Man due in Letterkenny court after snatching elderly woman’s handbag

first_img WhatsApp Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Google+ Facebook News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Pinterest Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Previous articleMan sustains head & facial injuries during assault in St. JohnstonNext articleEight people awaiting in-patient beds at LUH News Highland Twitter Twittercenter_img By News Highland – June 4, 2019 Google+ WhatsApp Homepage BannerNews Pinterest A man is to appear at Letterkenny District Court after snatching a handbag from an elderly woman.The incident happened on Friday evening last just after 9.30pm at the Ramelton Road area of Letterkenny.The woman, who is in her 70s got into her car and placed her handbag on the passenger seat.A male opened the passenger door, snatched the handbag and took off running.He was later identified from CCTV by Gardai and arrested. DL Debate – 24/05/21 Man due in Letterkenny court after snatching elderly woman’s handbag Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programmelast_img read more