June 9, 2021 Find out more IranMiddle East – North Africa Online freedoms CorruptionViolenceInternet RSF_en Organisation September 6, 2016 Iran creates “Halal Internet” to control online information Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is yet again obliged to condemn the increase in Internet censorship and persecution of online information activists in Iran. Call for Iranian New Year pardons for Iran’s 21 imprisoned journalists News Iran: Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2020 March 18, 2021 Find out more to go further Receive email alerts News News Two news agencies and several information websites have been blocked since 4 September, a week after the official unveiling of the “National Information Network,” also known as “Halal Internet,” while the Centre for Monitoring Organized Crime (a Revolutionary Guard offshoot) has reported the arrest of around 100 Internet users in recent weeks.The Mojnews and Bornanews press agencies and at least two other news websites including Puyesh and 9sobh were blocked on the orders of the Committee for Determining Content that Constitutes Internet Crime, which is headed by prosecutor-general.They were censored for reposting documents about the Tehran city hall’s sale of city-owned land and apartments to senior officials and municipal council members or reposting criticism of the judicial system’s inconsistency in its attempts to combat corruption. Memarinews.com, the first website to post the documents, was blocked on 29 August.The first phase of the National Information Network was formally celebrated on 27 August by several government officials including the first vice-president, the minister of communication and information technology and the secretary-general of the Cyberspace Supreme Council.However, they restricted their statements to the usual slogans and did not explain how this National Information Network will work and what consequences it will have for Iran’s Internet users, who are officially estimated to number 30 million.“The accessibility of information will create new business, political and social opportunities and will contribute to the country’s economic development,” First Vice-President Esshagh Jahangiri said, adding that more than 20 billion toman (58 million euros) have been invested in this “great project.”Communication minister Mahmoud Vaezi said, “the National Information Network imposes no limits on Internet users” but this was contradicted by deputy minister Nasrolah Jahangard, who said: “In the Network, all connections including mobile connections have identification; without identification, you will not be able to use the Network’s services.”As well as such propaganda-style statements, the authorities cite the need for protection as justification for the network – protection against cyber-attacks, protection of the country’s sensitive data and the personal data of individual users, and finally protection of Iranian society’s “morality.”In fact, this National Information Network can be likened to a big Intranet, in which content is controlled and all users are identified, an Intranet that can be completely disconnected from the World Wide Web when the authorities so decide. It is a personal Internet or “Halal Internet” based on “intelligent filtering.”The speed and bandwidth on this national Intranet may well be higher than those currently available to Iran’s Internet users but they will be used to provide more propaganda, not independently reported news and information or freely gathered data.RSF points out that Reza Taqipour Anvari, the communication minister during the previous Ahmadinejad administration, already announced the launch of the first phase of a “National Internet” in July 2011. During this first phase, he said the connection speed available to users would initially be 8 Mps and then 20 Mps.Read: Government blocks Google and Gmail, while promoting National Internet For the past year, different sections of the Revolutionary Guards have been announcing the dismantling and systematic arrest of networks of people who act “against society’s moral security,” “modelling criminals” (those who have photos and videos of models) and those who “insult religious beliefs.”RSF has registered more than 800 cases of this kind since the start of 2016. The Centre for Monitoring Organized Crime, a Revolutionary Guard unit that polices the Internet, announced on 23 August that “450 individuals responsible for pages on social networks such as Telegram, Whatsapp and Instagram” had been summoned and arrested.“We do not dispute Iran’s right to crack down on online crimes but the definition of these crimes in Iran’s laws and their enforcement do not conform to international standards including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Iran has signed,” said Reza Moini, the head of RSF’s Iran/Afghanistan desk.“This policing and censorship is officially supposed to protect the Iranian public from immoral content but in practice it extends to political information about religion and to websites about fundamental rights, including women’s rights.”Imprisoned software and website designer Saeed Malekpour is a case in point. He was sentenced to death in 2010 on charges of creating pornographic sites and “insulting Islam’s holy principles” because he created a photo-uploading programme that, unbeknown to him, was used by porn sites. A Canadian resident, he was arrested while visiting his family in Iran in 2008.The debate about “intelligent filtering” has intensified within the Iranian regime in recent months. The conservative camp, with its legal arm (the judicial system) and its military arm (the Revolutionary Guards), has been pressuring President Hassan Rouhani’s administration to increase the level of Internet control in general and, in particular, to filter Telegram, which is officially reported to have more than 15 million users in Iran.Although formally banned, apps and social networks such as Telegram, Facebook and Twitter play a major role in the dissemination of content in Iran. Both government ministers and conservatives agree on keeping the pressure on Telegram in order to facilitate access to its servers and use intelligent filtering.This does not stop Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei from having his own “intelligently filtered” Instagram account.Iran is ranked 169th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2016 World Press Freedom Index. Help by sharing this information IranMiddle East – North Africa Online freedoms CorruptionViolenceInternet Follow the news on Iran News After Hengameh Shahidi’s pardon, RSF asks Supreme Leader to free all imprisoned journalists February 25, 2021 Find out more
Columns[Column] ‘Fast Tracking Of Cases – State Has The Responsibility In Making Its Citizens Feel Safe’: By Anjana Prakash, Senior Advocate Senior Advocate Anjana Prakash7 May 2020 5:03 AMShare This – xAs I understand it, the Indian Penal Code classifies criminal offences broadly into two categories of serious and simple cases, based on the severity of the punishment prescribed for them. Offences such as murder, rape, dacoity tried by judicial officer of the rank of a District Judge are punishable with severe sentences and the rest, triable by a Magistrate prescribe lesser…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginAs I understand it, the Indian Penal Code classifies criminal offences broadly into two categories of serious and simple cases, based on the severity of the punishment prescribed for them. Offences such as murder, rape, dacoity tried by judicial officer of the rank of a District Judge are punishable with severe sentences and the rest, triable by a Magistrate prescribe lesser sentence. However, some of the so -called simple cases, have the same potentiality to disturb public order as offences punishable under the Arms Act such as, crimes which are a threat to public tranquility, or such offences which are attempts to destabilize the Govt or the Social equations. When Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister of Bihar sometime in 2005, (I do not hold his brief), he was saddled with a deteriorating law and order problem, which had made life hell for an average Bihari. Amongst other things, he initiated the idea of fast-tracking cases instituted under the provisions of Arms Act. With the concerted effort of the Patna High Court which red-flagged these cases, the Magistrates took them up on priority. The reason was two-fold; firstly, the visibility of criminals which disrupted the daily humdrum of life was contained thus assuring an average citizen that he was safe and secondly the possibility of petty arms- carrying criminals graduating to committing bigger crimes was thwarted with a speedy trial. However, this initiative was effective because the investigation and prosecution of cases instituted under the Arms Act happen to be quite uncomplicated. In the sense, all that the police have to do is record the statement of two seizure witnesses, procure the report of Arms expert on the question of efficacy of the seized Arms. This would end the investigation and on such a material trial could start. Usually getting reports from officials, in any matter pending in a court is a cumbersome process but with the State being so pro-active as it was, it was not difficult, and trials proceeded without a hitch with utmost speed. Thus, in order to improve a situation firstly the State has to assume responsibility of making its citizen feel safe, not for its own political gain, but for the sake of upholding the constitutional obligations. Law and order being in the State list it is the duty of the State to ensure the basic constitutional right of a citizen to reside peacefully is guaranteed and it cannot shirk away and let the goons take over the lives of an average citizen. Secondly, it has to take steps as required and importantly make the effort visible, so it not only assures the citizen, but also deters others from committing similar crimes, which incidentally is one of the objects of punishment. Hence, it is something like saying, ‘justice must not only be done but also must be seen to be done’. It is also important to remember that the State is under close scrutiny of an average person, whether it impacts him personally or not, whenever there is a law and order situation. It is so important that the TRP of a Chief Minister to a large extent depends on how well he handles the situation. I am writing this article is in the context of increase in the number of hate speeches and disturbing videos, which are being circulated for the sole purpose of driving a rift in the Society which are clearly punishable under Sections 153 A,295 A 505 (2) Indian Penal Code. Even though these offences prescribe punishment of only 3 years imprisonment, but in my opinion, they would fall in the category of serious offences because of their adverse effect on the welfare of our Nation. In fact, they are no less lethal than Covid 19 if not more, because while the virus of Covid 19 will infect just a few, this virus will infect one and all, and destroy the oneness of our Society, on which we have claimed so much of pride since ages. To briefly describe the offences, Section 153 A punishes a person, who by words or otherwise promotes or attempts to promote disharmony in the Society, Section 295 A penalizes any person, who deliberately by words or actions insults any religion and Section 505(2) prescribes that whoever publishes, circulates any statement or report containing rumor or alarming news with intent to cause ill-will amongst members of the society will be punished. Since the ingredients are very straight forward, such offences, like cases under the Arms Act are easy to prove. It is no great task either for the investigating agency to collect material, or the Prosecutor to prove evidence during trial. As I perceive presently there are three scenarios prevailing in our country- i). when no case is filed, ii). case is filed but accused not identified/arrested so there is no trial iii). when the accused is identified but the investigation is so long drawn that the trial is delayed. In UP I find no substantive case was filed against the person who circulated a video asking Hindus not to buy vegetables from Muslims. He was no doubt given a rap on his knuckles by his party high command, but he remained unrepentant. In my opinion the inaction on the part of the State indicates that the State clearly does not acknowledge the criminality of such an act even though it is clearly punishable under the aforesaid offences. This is an ominous sign because the State here colludes with an accused, to flout the law, which it is enjoined to implement. I may point out here that all codified criminal offences are offences against the State and not an individual. So as soon as an offence is committed it is the State, which is affected because the body of allegations are punishable under law formulated by the State. Simply said, all injuries are injuries caused to the State, no matter who the injured is, and it is the State which is the Prosecutor in Court, when a case is instituted upon a police case. To continue with the narrative I find from various news reports that in the State of Bihar similar kinds of incidents had happened when members of Bajrang dal had tried to distribute saffron flags to Hindu shopkeepers in Nalanda and also posted it on twitter. The BDO Nalanda instituted a criminal case against them after which the twitter account was deleted. This is most certainly heartening news because the State in this situation has acknowledged the problem, but the disheartening news is, that no one was arrested. Also disheartening is the news that no substantive case was filed against the SSB official posted in Pantoka Ramgarhwa on Indo- Nepal border in West Champaran , when he reported on secret intelligence that some Muslims, who were corona virus positive were crossing over to India from Nepal to infect Indians which information was found to be false. This news was somehow leaked to News 18 to do the desired damage across the country. The point I am now driving at, is whether in situations where the State has filed cases, it shows it has passed the test of having the will to protect itself and its citizens from the danger of injury. In my opinion, it does not. The fact that the accused in Nalanda were not arrested shows that the acknowledgment of the problem is half-hearted because merely filing a case is not enough. If the accused is not arrested the final investigation report will not be filed and the trial will not commence. Thus, the whole point of filing the criminal case is lost. In a situation like this instead of the case having a deterrent effect, the signal which will be sent is that nothing happens even if a case is filed, which one can very well argue is worse than not filing a case at all. Similarly, when the Police has identified the wrongdoer in the form of a very famous TV anchor with a formidable reputation, I do not understand the reason for such a prolonged investigation and interrogation. It may be kept in mind that like cases under the Arms Act, the essential ingredients to prove the offences u/s 153 A,295 A, 505(2) IPC are tangible not abstract and the investigation is fairly simple. So, when the Police is already in seisin of the materials I also do not understand why an investigation report is not being filed to bring the case to its logical end which alone is the purpose of filing the case. I may clarify that I have cited examples of only one community having committed such offences because there is a degree of authenticity attached to these incidents. I do not discount similar offences having been committed by any other community which also would and should be similarly treated. It would do well for the State to remember that it will continue to fail the test of an average person who feels constitutionally guaranteed to be protected from injuries prohibited by law, until it takes steps to complete the cycle. Till then, the State in all the three situations mentioned above, will be viewed ironically as being on the wrong side of Law, an accomplice of the wrongdoer. Also, in our fair minds a quiet revolution is taking place because we know the difference between Right and Wrong. And it is this knowledge, which saves our sanity and insulates us from the indecencies and pretensions of the State.Views are personal only. Next Story
Courtesy of Ani Aprahamian The ozone generator nuclear physics professor Ani Aprahamian and her team at the Alikhanyan National Laboratory in Yerevan, Armenia created sterilizes rooms by using ozone gas.Aprahamian said the prototype for the generator was built in three days by piecing together scrap parts in the laboratory, and the team confirmed the success of the prototype by testing it on live viruses. “Everybody worked day and night … They were working until four or five, every morning,” Aprahamian said. “This is a project we started to help Armenia given the coronavirus.”In less than two weeks since the start of the initiative, Aprahamian said the device was delivered to the Armenian Ministry of Health, which was invested in its creation. “We delivered [the prototype] to The Ministry of Health two weeks ago … The Ministry thought it was useful and asked us to build 20 more,” Aprahamian said. The additional generators were “much better quality” than the prototype, Aprahamian said, and can now be used to sterilize hundreds of spaces. Aprahamian’s team consists of eight people working remotely. While the shelter in place order in Armenia has made collaboration challenging, the various expertises of the group have allowed them to execute the various aspects of the project in a timely fashion while still maintaining social distancing.The inspiration for the program originated with a patent on an old ozone generator from one of Aprahamian’s colleagues.“I gathered a group of [people] and said, ‘Can we think about something to do?’,” Aprahamian said. “Together they looked at the old [generator] and improved the designs … They built something so much better.”The ozone generator sucks the air from a room and then exposes it to high voltage which breaks down oxygen to ozone gas. While ozone protects the earth from space radiation, it also breaks down viruses and bacteria by oxidation. The molecule itself then breaks down in 10-30 minutes. However, ozone is harmful to breathe. The generator must be placed in an empty room to sterilize for an hour, and the generator must be removed for an additional hour to give the ozone time to fully break down so people can safely enter later. Aprahamian’s team consists of division leader professor Albert Avetisyan, engineers Ando Manukyan, Gevorg Hovhannisyan and Vahan Elbakyan, graduate student Kim Hovhannisyan, physicists Arthur Mkrtchyan and Armen Gyurjinyan and instruction writer Hripsime Mkrtchyan.“They have different areas, they’re doing different kinds of work,” Aprahamian said. “… Everyone here works at the [National Science Institute of Armenia] … on the cyclotron, a new thing that’s starting nuclear medicine in Armenia.” A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator which can be used to create radioactive isotopes which can be applied in nuclear medicine, agriculture, fisheries, cognac production and testing objects for cultural heritage.The team has also built an ultraviolet C sterilization box to sanitize used masks and personal protective equipment, and they plan to develop an improved and accessible respirator system to alleviate the respiratory distress of afflicted patients.“This kind of project is very important nowadays,” Mkrtchyan said. “I think it will change a lot of things, including the view of the government towards science … here in Armenia. When you are doing something useful for the entire country, all of them are starting to be interested and take notice.”Tags: Armenia, COVID-19, freimann life science center, nuclear physics, ozone generator Through the use of nuclear medicine, ozone generators and ultraviolet lamps, Ani Aprahamian and her team have successfully initiated a program to combat COVID-19 in Armenia. Aprahamian, a professor of experimental nuclear physics, has taught at Notre Dame for 30 years and also serves as the director of the Alikhanian National Science Laboratory in Yerevan, Armenia. Having recently been awarded a Fulbright Fellowship to continue her research in Armenia, Aprahamian, along with her team, developed an ozone generator which can sterilize areas of up to 140 cubic meters every hour to help fight COVID-19.“It depends on exposure time, [and] how long you turn on it, then bigger places can be sterilized,” program engineer Ando Manukyan said.
Governor and VEDA Announce New $18 Million Economic Growth ProgramMontpelier, Vt. – Governor Jim Douglas and Vermont Economic Development Authority (VEDA) CEO Jo Bradley today announced the July 1 launch of a new economic growth program offering low interest capital for Vermont businesses with rates as low as three percentage points below Wall Street Prime.The Economic Recovery and Opportunity Program will utilize $1.25 million in funds approved by the Legislature as part of Governor Douglas’ 15-point Economic Growth Initiative.”This component of my Economic Growth Initiative will enable Vermont’s employers to access very affordable financing, contribute to our state’s economic growth and create jobs for Vermonters,” said Governor Douglas.The funding will allow VEDA to make up to $18 million in program loans over two years. Program funds may be used to purchase land and buildings, finance construction or renovation, or purchase and install machinery, equipment, furniture and fixtures.The $18 million in funds available under the program will be loaned on a first-come-first-served basis, and the program will sunset on June 30, 2010. “These loan rates are unprecedented in recent memory,” Bradley said. Based on today’s Wall Street Prime of 5.0%, an initial borrower rate could be as low as 2.0%.” Rates will be adjustable quarterly.The eligibility, terms and limitations of the program will match those of VEDA’s Direct Loan Program. VEDA may either make its own direct loan to an eligible and qualified borrower, or purchase a portion of a bank loan. The maximum loan available to any borrower is $1.3 million.ABOUT VEDAVEDA’s mission is to promote economic prosperity in Vermont by providing financial assistance to eligible businesses, including manufacturing, agricultural, and travel and tourism enterprises. Since its inception in 1974, VEDA has made financing commitments totaling over $1.3 billion. For more information about VEDA, visit www.veda.org(link is external) or call 802-828-5627.ABOUT THE GOVERNOR’S ECONOMIC GROWTH INITIATIVEOn April 19, Governor Jim Douglas presented a 15-point economic package to encourage growth, create jobs and help Vermont emerge from the current national economic challenge with a stronger and more resilient economy. After steady insistence from the Governor, legislative leaders warmed to Douglas’ plan and passed, with a few modifications, a significant majority of his proposals.Among other items, the Governor’s Economic Growth Initiative includes homeownership and mortgage assistance programs, investments in transportation jobs, job creation tax credits, very low interest capital for small businesses and startups, investments in downtown development and the Governor’s New Neighborhoods affordable home construction initiative. In total, the Governor’s package has the potential to generate more than $200 million in direct economic activity and millions of dollars more in indirect economic multipliers.###
“There cannot be a crisis next week. My schedule is already full.” ~Henry KissingerThe very definition of crisis means something unplanned. Crisis communication is the scary part of public relations and communications. It’s chaotic. You don’t know all the details. People might be scared. And others want answers.I recently attended two sessions that have focused on crisis communication. They each focused on different aspects but there were three common concepts that seemed to keep appearing.Response Time.Acknowledge immediately and regularly. This is crucial. We used to have a couple of hours to respond, but not anymore. Social media has shrunk that time to 20 minutes or less. And time constraints will continue to shrink. Your organization needs to be on the proactive side of this, not the reactive. The last thing you want to happen is rumors and misinformation flooding social media and the news.Build bridges. Build bridges through relationships and through information.Relationships: Hopefully you already have the bridges built to media professionals, city officials and other community leaders. Have you built those bridges to your neighbors? Your tenants? Your members? Even your competitors can step forward in a crisis.Information: This is simply bridging information together. This works well when using social media. Here’s how it works: You post the latest information on Twitter or Facebook. Your next posts should either repeat the information (if there’s nothing new to say) or add new information to what is already known. The idea is that if the public were to scroll through your streams, they would have a good idea of what is happening, and how you are responding.Review your plan.Sounds like a no brainer, but when was the last time your plan was revised? Do the people listed on your crisis team still work there? Do you have templates already made up for all the scenarios? Most likely you have messaging about a weather disaster, a robbery and maybe even an internal embezzlement act. What about a possible data breach? Think of all the events that could be considered a disaster and draft talking points now. 6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Susan Dyer Susan is the Communications Director for the Heartland Credit Union Association, the trade association for credit unions in Kansas and Missouri. She has been a part of the marketing and … Web: HeartlandCUA.org Details
4SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr It’s important to be in touch with our emotions, but it’s also important that we not let those emotions lead our decision-making. In a recent Inc.com post, Lolly Daskal, president and CEO of Lead From Within, gives seven examples of emotional behaviors that can be damaging. Her list includes:Chasing what feels good instead of doing what is right.Doing what is convenient instead of being committed.Basing decisions on what is popular instead of what is intuitive.Allowing your attitude to control you instead of the other way around.Quitting when a problem arises instead of finding solutions.She encourages, “If any of these sound familiar, stop and ask yourself what kind of results you’re giving yourself, and what you need to change to get where you want to be.”Keeping emotions in check isn’t always easy. When a business mistake occurs or a challenging road lies ahead, we can easily lose our cool and let our emotions climb into the driver’s seat. When something goes wrong, and it will, you cannot let it affect your overall decision-making. continue reading »
Then why do we have a pandemic? Shouldn’t most of us be protected by memory cells left by other coronavirus infections? – Advertisement – Now the researchers are planning to expand their study to monitor thousands of children and adults. Some have antibodies that can block the new coronavirus in lab tests. Others do not.“If they have the pandemic strain, are they protected?” Dr. Kassiotis asked. Will they get sick, he wondered, or will the infection be all but undetectable?Dr. Elledge and his colleagues at Harvard developed their own highly specific, sensitive and exhaustive antibody test, VirScan. It is able to detect a diverse collection of antibodies with that are directed at any of more than 800 places on the new coronavirus, including the antibody that Dr. Kassiotis and his colleagues studied.After examining blood taken from 190 people before the pandemic emerged, Dr. Elledge and his colleagues concluded that many already had antibodies, including the one targeting the base of the spike — presumably from infections with related coronaviruses that cause colds.But while adults might get one or two colds a year, Dr. Elledge said, children may get up to a dozen. As a result, many develop floods of coronavirus antibodies that are present almost continuously; they may lessen cold symptoms, or even leave children with colds that are symptomless but still infectious.While adults may not have detectable coronavirus antibodies, many may be able to quickly make antibodies if they are infected with a coronavirus.In typical viral infections, the immune system pours out antibodies to fight the virus. When the infection is quelled, the antibodies, no longer needed, diminish in number. But the body is left with so-called memory cells that allow antibody production to soar rapidly if the virus tries to invade again. The Coronavirus Outbreak ›Words to Know About TestingConfused by the terms about coronavirus testing? Let us help: In a study published Friday in Science, the group, led by George Kassiotis, who heads the Retroviral Immunology Laboratory at the institute, reports that on average only 5 percent of adults had these antibodies, but 43 percent of children did.Researchers who did not participate in the study were intrigued by the finding. H. Benjamin Larman, an immunologist at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, called it a “well-done study that puts forward a compelling theory which is supported by their data.” While the tip of the spike is unique to the new coronavirus, the base is found in all coronaviruses, Dr. Kassiotis said. In lab tests, antibodies to the base of the spike prevented the new coronavirus from entering cells in order to reproduce. Stephen J. Elledge, a genetics professor at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, had a similar response. He and others have found many people have antibodies to common colds caused by other coronaviruses; in laboratory studies, these antibodies also block the new coronavirus.- Advertisement – In March, as the pandemic was just beginning, Dr. Kassiotis and his colleagues decided to develop a highly sensitive antibody test. To assess it, they examined blood samples taken before the pandemic from over 300 adults and 48 children and adolescents, comparing them with samples from more than 170 people who had been infected with the new coronavirus.The scientists expected samples taken before the pandemic to have no antibodies that attacked the new coronavirus. Those were to be the controls for the test the scientists were developing.Instead, they found that many children, and some adults, carried one antibody in particular that can prevent coronaviruses, including the new one, from entering cells. This antibody attaches itself to a spike that pokes out of coronaviruses.- Advertisement – “It is quite possible that you lose your memory over time,” Dr. Elledge said. He suspects that the new coronavirus may interfere with the activation of the memory cells able to respond to the infection.An infection “might give you a hazy memory that fades over time,” he said. If so, a very recent infection with a common cold coronavirus would be needed to protect against the new coronavirus, and even then the protection might last only for a limited time.The new coronavirus would have hobbled the production of antibodies that specifically attack it. That might explain why children, with their seemingly continuous colds, are much better off than adults.Dr. Elledge said that if he is right about the loss of memory cells, that bodes well for vaccines. A vaccine boosts antibody production without the presence of a virus. So the virus “is not in the background, messing up memory cell formation,” he said.Another possibility is that most adults actually are protected by memory cells from previous infections with the common cold. Although few have enough antibodies in their blood to protect them at any given time, they may be able to quickly make antibodies to lessen the impact of the new coronavirus.That might explain why many adults who are infected recover quickly.“We focus on those who get really sick, but 95 to 98 percent of those who get the virus don’t have to go to the hospital,” Dr. Elledge said. “There are a lot of people who do get better.” Antibody: A protein produced by the immune system that can recognize and attach precisely to specific kinds of viruses, bacteria, or other invaders.Antibody test/serology test: A test that detects antibodies specific to the coronavirus. Antibodies begin to appear in the blood about a week after the coronavirus has infected the body. Because antibodies take so long to develop, an antibody test can’t reliably diagnose an ongoing infection. But it can identify people who have been exposed to the coronavirus in the past.Antigen test: This test detects bits of coronavirus proteins called antigens. Antigen tests are fast, taking as little as five minutes, but are less accurate than tests that detect genetic material from the virus.Coronavirus: Any virus that belongs to the Orthocoronavirinae family of viruses. The coronavirus that causes Covid-19 is known as SARS-CoV-2. Covid-19: The disease caused by the new coronavirus. The name is short for coronavirus disease 2019.Isolation and quarantine: Isolation is the separation of people who know they are sick with a contagious disease from those who are not sick. Quarantine refers to restricting the movement of people who have been exposed to a virus.Nasopharyngeal swab: A long, flexible stick, tipped with a soft swab, that is inserted deep into the nose to get samples from the space where the nasal cavity meets the throat. Samples for coronavirus tests can also be collected with swabs that do not go as deep into the nose — sometimes called nasal swabs — or oral or throat swabs.Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): Scientists use PCR to make millions of copies of genetic material in a sample. Tests that use PCR enable researchers to detect the coronavirus even when it is scarce.Viral load: The amount of virus in a person’s body. In people infected by the coronavirus, the viral load may peak before they start to show symptoms, if symptoms appear at all. That happened to Dr. Larman and his family of five. Four of them got sick with Covid-19, the illness caused by the new coronavirus, in July. None were seriously ill, and his 4-year-old son was spared altogether.“My son was not isolated from us and therefore heavily exposed,” Dr. Larman said. “He tested negative twice, and so we certainly suspect that he had some form of pre-existing immunity.” It’s been a big puzzle of the pandemic: Why are children so much less likely than adults to become infected with the new coronavirus and, if infected, less likely to become ill?A possible reason may be that many children already have antibodies to other coronaviruses, according to researchers at the Francis Crick Institute in London. About one in five of the colds that plague children are caused by viruses in this family. Antibodies to those viruses may also block SARS-CoV-2, the new coronavirus causing the pandemic.- Advertisement –
Share Share EntertainmentFaithLifestyleLocalNews Prisca Julien is Woman of the Bible 2014 by: – July 14, 2014 Sharing is caring! 310 Views no discussions Tweet Share Prisca Julien: Woman of the Bible 2014.Prisca Julien of the Coulibistrie Gospel Mission is the 2014 Woman of the Bible contest winner. Julien, who portrayed Rahab the Harlot, defeated ten other contestants for the title and also captured the best talent award at the Arawak House of Culture in Roseau on July 13, 2014.Leah Dodds, of the People’s Pentecostal Church, who emerged 1st runner up, portrayed the woman at the well.Andesse Thomas of God’s Family House of Worship in Portsmouth, who portrayed Mirium, was 2nd runner up, while Almira Lewis of the Rhema Center in Grand Bay, who depicted Abigail, captured the awards for best speech and best at bible knowledge.Amanda Lincia Barrie of the Living Hope Fellowship Church of Massacre, who portrayed Sarah, won the life skills award.The contest went through a number of competing rounds including talent, speech, elegance and biblical knowledge segment where the ladies brought to life the biblical wear of that era, portraying a queen or Heroine of the Bible. The other contestants were:Josian Auguiste of Faith Community Church, Mahaut who portrayed MARY MAGDALENE;Melanda Caesar of Soufriere CUC who depicted LEAH;Stanna Fontaine of Dubique Gospel Mission church who depicted JEPHTHAH’S DAUAGHTER;Julie-Ann Charles of Layou CUC who depicted QUEEN OF SHEBA;Philsia Pendenque of Warner Seventh Day Adventist Church who depicted QUEEN ESTHER andDanielle Vital of Deliverance Baptist Church in Goodwill portrayed HANNAH.Each contestant was presented with a token of appreciation.Here are some moments:– / 38Dominica Vibes News
However, Suarez remains determined to find a way out of Anfield and admits even captain Steven Gerrard’s pleas for him to stay cannot offset the lure of the Champions League, while also reiterating he would jump at the chance to go to Real Madrid. “I’m still defending the Liverpool shirt and I will do so until the last minute,” Suarez, who was left at home for Wednesday night’s friendly against Valerenga in Norway because of injury and is unlikely to feature against Celtic in Dublin on Saturday, told Spanish newspaper Marca. “My aim is to reach an agreement with the club in a friendly manner and I hope the clause we agreed a year ago is fulfilled. Up to now, it hasn’t been. “It’s not that I want to or am desperate to leave, but I like things to be clear and a year ago I made my position to the club clear. “Gerrard has a lot of history with Liverpool and his words are very important but everyone should understand that I need to play the Champions League to keep growing as a footballer. “Now I have the chance, I want to take it. A Champions League team (Arsenal) is making a big effort to get me and one always wants to be where they feel comfortable. “There were a lot of rumours (about Real) that were different to reality: Madrid never called me personally or Liverpool to try and negotiate. “Every player aspires to reach the top and Real Madrid is among the most important clubs in the world. It would be very difficult to say no to Real Madrid.” Asked where he would choose to go were it up to him Suarez, who earlier in the summer complained about his treatment by the British press, added: “I would decide what’s best for my private life and my family.” Suarez maintains he has an agreement with Liverpool which, following their failure to qualify for the Champions League, allows him to leave if any club bids £40million. Arsenal tested that theory with an offer which exceeded the figure by a pound but it was rejected by the Merseysiders who insists they have no obligation to sell at that price, only open negotiations. Gordon Taylor, chief executive of the Professional Footballers’ Association, told Press Association Sport he did not believe there was a “cast-iron” buy-out clause and as he understood the situation Liverpool were not under any obligation to sell. Suarez thinks differently however. “We (Suarez and his agents) had an offer from a Champions League team, we considered the situation and decided that, as a new coach (Rodgers) was coming, and the club was making a big effort to get into Europe, we should renew my contract with a new clause: if we didn’t get into the Champions League I could leave if there was an offer of over £40 million,” he told Marca. “I don’t feel that (these are his last days at the club). I’m still enjoying being at Liverpool and the moments I’m experiencing with this club. “I’ll remember the day of my debut, and that I came here from Ajax with great expectations and then played some unforgettable games.” On his last two public appearances – Gerrard’s testimonial on Saturday and an open training session on Monday – Suarez was cheered by fans. That appreciation will not repeated in the wake of Wednesday’s developments despite the player’s protestations of praise for the support he has received during a turbulent time at the club in which he was banned for eight matches for racially abusing Manchester United’s Patrice Evra and received a 10-game suspension – six of which are still outstanding – for biting Chelsea’s Branislav Ivanovic. “The Liverpool fans are incredible. I’m very grateful for their support,” he said. “I’m very proud to feel their love and it demonstrates that I’m doing a good job.” Former Liverpool defender Jamie Carragher has backed Rodgers’ stance over Suarez. “I think it’s probably right for Brendan Rodgers to take him out of the group,” Carragher, who retired at the end of last season after more than two decades with Reds, told Sky Sports News. “No one player is bigger than the squad, and he’s not actually going to be playing because he’s banned, so Liverpool need to concentrate on getting right for that first game of the season against Stoke. “And if Suarez is a distraction for everyone he needs to be taken out of the group.” The 35-year-old also believes Liverpool might be more willing to let the former Ajax forward leave Anfield if it was not to one of their main domestic rivals. “Arsenal are a big rival for a top-four place,” he added. “Maybe if he wanted to go somewhere else it wouldn’t be such a big issue and maybe Liverpool would sanction a deal because nobody wants unhappy players at the training ground, on the pitch….it affects other people. But it’s very difficult for Liverpool.” The Reds boss is unhappy with the attitude shown by the Uruguay international – who seems intent on forcing a move to Arsenal – in recent weeks and has been told to train on his own. Rodgers rejected Suarez’s claim he had reneged on an agreement last summer which would allow the player to leave for a Champions League club, saying interviews given by the 26-year-old suggesting as much showed “total disrespect” to the club. Press Association Wantaway Liverpool striker Luis Suarez still hopes to come to a “friendly” resolution with the club over his transfer saga despite incurring the wrath of manager Brendan Rodgers.
Sabrina Harty’s 8-1 shot was fast out of the stalls in the seven-furlong contest and Smullen was happy to play the role of pacemaker. O’Brien’s 6-4 favourite Darwin, turning out just six days after winning at Fairyhouse, loomed up ominously under the trainer’s son Joseph , but was unable to reel in Ansgar who passed the post a length to the good. Ansgar cut out virtually every yard of the running in the hands of Pat Smullen to land the Group Three Michael Murphy Home Furnishings Minstrel Stakes at the Curragh. The hard-luck story of the race was that of Eastern Rules, who found himself trapped behind a wall of horses before flying home against the far rail to finish third. Harty said: “That was fantastic and the horse really deserves it. “He’s had so many hold-ups. He had a kissing spine last year and sore shins a couple of years ago. He got a splint in May and was lame after Ascot. “He’s a proper horse considering all the problems he’s had. He’s a massive horse, he’s 16 hands 2 and he’s been growing and growing. “I’m delighted for the owners. He’s a machine and if he hadn’t had all the problems he’d have been a special one. “He’s entered in the Group Three at Leopardstown on August 14 (Desmond Stakes) and that’s his target.” A tremendous afternoon for the Harty team was completed by Breathe Easy (7-2) and Rory Cleary in the Kilsaran 50th Anniversary Handicap. Harty said: “He has serious ability, but is so nervous and fragile. Rory gave him a great ride and got him settled early.” Press Association