News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th WhatsApp Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme Pinterest Twitter Facebook Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Community Enhancement Programme open for applications Biggest agricultural show in Donegal is latest casualty Google+ Google+ The biggest agricultural show in Donegal is the latest casualty in cancellations.The Clonmany Agricultural Show, which is usually held at the beginning of August, attracts thousands of visitors from Ireland and the UK every year.The event had been entering its 53rd year but due to the social gathering restrictions has been cancelled and will return again in 2021.Gerard Noone Show Sheep Dog Trial Association Secretary says it’s a huge blow to the organisers and wider community:Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/clonsdsdsdfsdfsdfmany.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Previous articleCouncil’s Corporate Policy Group discuss key issuesNext articleMore than 70 complaints to Garda Ombudsman over Covid-19 enforcement News Highland Facebook Pinterest AudioHomepage BannerNews Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Twitter WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR By News Highland – May 1, 2020
1SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading » Facebook cover images are a generous amount of “real estate” on your Credit Union’s business Facebook page…make sure to take advantage of this feature! If you’re not using it yet, then you’ll want to discover how to design images that will better utilize this space. It is the perfect place to highlight your CU and its many offerings.Here are 4 creative ways to use Facebook cover images with social media marketing for Financial Institutions.#1: Celebrate Your Credit Union’s MemoriesIs your CU celebrating an anniversary or a milestone? Maybe it’s your 75th Anniversary year, so try to find a photo from the first branch on opening day to show how far you’ve come! Images can evoke emotions from your members and followers and have a big impact. These emotions can strengthen the loyalty your members feel towards your Credit Union.
Latest News Harrisburg, PA – Governor Tom Wolf and state emergency management officials are reminding citizens to monitor weather and roadway conditions as potentially heavy rains will bring the threat of flooding in urban areas and along creeks and rivers across the southern part of the state through Saturday.“Our first priority is keeping all Pennsylvanians safe, and being prepared is the key to that,” Governor Wolf said. “With the forecast calling for signification rain and possible flooding, Pennsylvanians should stay alert to weather reports and heed warnings of professionals in emergency management so that everyone remains safe.”Starting late tonight and lasting through most of Saturday, the National Weather Service is calling for widespread, possibly heavy rain at times mainly south of the PA Turnpike and Interstate 78 corridor. Already wet conditions mean flooding is possible in areas where urban and poor drainage flooding is common, as well as along smaller creeks and streams. Rapid, significant river flooding is not expected at this time.“The biggest thing you can do to stay safe is have a way to get weather alerts that can warn you if flooding is happening in your community,” said PEMA Executive Deputy Director Jeff Thomas. “Also, follow the guidance of emergency personnel and local law enforcement. If roads are blocked off, don’t drive around the barriers that are intended to keep you safe.”Thomas said it is important for the public to understand the difference between a watch and a warning because each represents a different level of action to be taken.A flood or flash flood watch means that conditions are favorable for flooding to occur. Residents should stay alert and watch for rapidly rising waters, including rivers and streams, and be prepared to move to high ground quickly.A flood or flash flood warning means that there is actual flooding, or flooding is imminent. Residents should act at once and move to high ground.Thomas said motorists should never drive through floodwaters. More than half of all flooding deaths occur in cars. While water on a flooded roadway might not look deep, the roadway could actually be washed away under the water, or the road could be compromised in a way that could make it unsafe to travel.To help ensure safety for motorists and emergency responders alike, state law mandates that motorists who drive around or through signs or traffic control devices closing a road or highway due to hazardous conditions will have two points added to their driving records and be fined; penalties are higher if emergency responders are called to rescue motorists who disregard warning signs.Free emergency preparedness information, including templates for family emergency plans and checklists for emergency kit supplies, is available at www.ReadyPA.org. Follow @ReadyPA on Twitter and like ReadyPA on www.facebook.com/BeReadyPA for more emergency preparedness information. Wolf Administration Warns of Possible Flooding Across Southern PA SHARE Email Facebook Twitter May 17, 2018
by Tracy McCue, Sumner Newscow â€” Both Wellington varsity basketball teams were victorious in Augusta. The Conway Springs girls scored a big league win over Garden Plain, but the boys had no such luckâ€¦Wellington boys 73 Augusta 69The Crusader boys would hit nine three-pointers, including five in the first quarter to pull off a huge win on the road.Wellington is now at .500 with a 7-7 record.A.J. Snipes scored 24 points to lift the Crusaders to victory. Wesley Gilmore had 10.The Crusaders opened hot, getting treys from Gilmore, Snipes and Cade Phelps as both teams were tied 21-all at the end of the first quarter. Wellington opened up a seven point lead in the second, holding Augusta to 10 points. At the half it was 38-31.The Crusader staved off a late rally, going 9 of 14 at the free throw line in the fourth quarter. Connor Phelps score back-to-back layups late to lift the Crusaders to the win. Crusaders host Winfield Tuesday. 15 Wellington 4 19 Wellington girls 62 Augusta 44The Wellington girls improved to 14-0 using a big 14-2 third quarter run to bat back the feisty Orioles.Wellington opened with a 20-15 first quarter lead, but the Orioles stifling defense held Crusaders in check in the second and held a mere 28-24 lead at the half.Augusta tied the game early in the third quarter, but Wellingtonâ€™s Grace Mitchell opened its big run with a 3-pointer. Lauren Snipes would then score six of the next nine points.Mitchell scored 21 points for the game while Snipes had 13.Wellington hosts Winfield Tuesday, the first in a three-game home stand.Conway Springs girls 46 Garden Plain 34. Conway Springs won its first game over Garden Plain since 2006 on the road in a key Central Plains League tilt.The Cardinals are 12-2 and have a perfect 4-0 CPL record.Sabrina Bellar had 13 points while Lacey Pauly had 10 to give Conway Springs the win. The Cardinals would outscore Garden Plain by two or four points in every quarter – leading 6-4 at the end of the first quarter and 16-10 at the half and 27-19 after three quarters. 69 â€” 11 Wellington: A.J. Snipes 24, Gilmore 13, King 9, Co. Phelps 9, Ca. Phelps 9, Frame 7, Burnett 2. 17 9 34 Augusta: Howerton 17, Weakly 17, Clausing 8, Patterson 7, Trebbe 7, Whitehead 6, Barclay 5, Wesbrooks 2. 15 Garden Plain 21 10 â€” 6 Augusta 20 19 46 Wellington boys 73 Augusta 69 21 19 73 Conway Springs 10 6 Conway Springs: Bellar 13, L. Pauly 10, H. Jones 9, Koester 5, Ebenkamp 4, K. Jones 2, J. Pauly 2, Akiu 1.Garden Plain: Schmelzer 9, Joplin 9, Doyle 7, Flax 4, Bourne 4, Thimesch 1. Garden Plain boys 44 Conway Springs 37.The Cardinal boys lost their third of the season and their second game against Garden Plain. This was a tougher loss to take, as Conway Spring had cut the lead to three late in the fourth quarter several times.Medicine Lodge boys 43 Belle Plaine 36Belle Plaine fell to 3-12 with a loss to the Indians. Medicine Lodge was leading at the half 16-15, but used a 13-8 and 14-13 run in the third and fourth quarter to pick up the win.Peyton Nolan led Belle Plaine with 7.SCBL scores: Girls:Udall 36Â Â Central 30Flinthills 50Â OxfordÂ 13SedanÂ 38Â South HavenÂ 37Argonia 39Â CVDX 34Yates Center 33Â West ElkÂ 26Boys:Central. 60Â Â UdallÂ 50Sedan. 83Â South HavenÂ 29FlinthillsÂ 54Â Â OxfordÂ 42Argonia.Â Â 51Â Â CVDXÂ 46West Elk 68.Â Yates Center 56Follow us on Twitter. Close Forgot password? Please put in your email: Send me my password! Close message Login This blog post All blog posts Subscribe to this blog post’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Subscribe to this blog’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Follow the discussion Comments Logging you in… Close Login to IntenseDebate Or create an account Username or Email: Password: Forgot login? Cancel Login Close WordPress.com Username or Email: Password: Lost your password? Cancel Login Dashboard | Edit profile | Logout Logged in as Admin Options Disable comments for this page Save Settings You are about to flag this comment as being inappropriate. Please explain why you are flagging this comment in the text box below and submit your report. The blog admin will be notified. Thank you for your input. There are no comments posted yet. Be the first one! Post a new comment Enter text right here! 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Two weeks before Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed hits the theaters (April 18), reviewers are starting to weigh in. One could hardly find a bigger contrast between two reviews that came out a day apart. Dave Mosher, writing for Live Science, used every trick in the book to call this “a bad film in every way.” He called it sinister, outrageous, shoddy, fallacious and gloomy. Typical line about intelligent design: “Scientists see it as creationism veiled in pseudoscience, an effort with religious backing designed to generate the appearance of controversy among scientists about Darwinian evolution where there is none.” Mosher continually tried to portray the Darwinists as “scientists” and the anti-Darwinists as religiously motivated, even though all of the ID advocates in the film are highly credentialed scientists themselves. Notably, he could not classify them as fundamentalist Christians because a number of them – Berlinski, Schroeder, and Ben Stein himself – are either Jewish or make no claims about religion. Dr.& Steve Fuller, for instance, a highly regarded philosopher of science and author of leading books on the subject, believes that intelligent design has a right to a fair hearing in the marketplace of scientific ideas. Mosher also avoided the fact that some of Darwinism’s staunchest proponents made strong statements on camera about their atheism. Marvin Olasky had a very different attitude in World magazine. He enjoyed this “seriously funny” movie and compares it to the 1775 “shot heard round the world” that may start a new American revolution. It should be rated R, he quipped, for “reasonable, radical, risible, and right.” Olasky defended the visual imagery saying this is a movie, not a dissertation, but also defended the connection between Darwinism and Hitler, based on his own research. “If you read an anti-Expelled review that dodges the issue of substance by concentrating merely on style,” he said, as if to pre-empt Dave Mosher’s negative review, “you’ll be seeing another sign of closed minds.” Ted Baehr at MovieGuide.org also gives it a strong positive review. “Atheists and Darwinists should make sure that people of faith and values and agnostics do not see this movie,” the veteran movie reviewer said. “It is so well crafted that it will completely expose the naked inconsistencies of the Darwinists. It will equip every person of faith and values with common sense to refute the arguments of the academic overlords.”Baloney Detectors are going to have a field day with the reviews of this film. They are so polarized for and against, it should be easy to find out who is engaging in emotional tactics instead of reasoned debate. See the film if you can before being influenced by the press. You can expect the secular mainstream press to be uniformly negative. Keep in mind a couple of things. A movie can only say so much in 90 minutes. This is a highly complex topic with many side issues. The basic question is clear; is intelligent design sufficiently supported, and Darwinism sufficiently challenged, to allow academic freedom for both sides to be heard? Why should careers of qualified scientists be ruined over this? Why the systematic effort to prevent a hearing of challenges to the views of a small minority, its advocates profoundly atheistic, instead of letting the evidence, reason and common sense carry the debate forward? Another thing to keep in mind is that this is a movie, not a legal brief. To attract audiences to theaters there has to be enough appeal with visuals, action and controversy or else the subject could easily bore them. We didn’t see Live Science complaining when Randy Olson used humor and satire with Flock of Dodos (compare that review with this one). Stein feels strongly enough about this issue he went out on a limb to make the case in a convincing yet “seriously funny” way. It’s intended to get the ball rolling toward public debate on an issue that is crying for open and fair investigation. For those who need the scholarly backup, there are plenty of densely-worded thick tomes available. One mid-level book (with enough facts and references to support every claim), that is comprehensive yet approachable, is The Politically Incorrect Guide to Darwinism and Intelligent Design by Jonathan Wells (Regnery, 2006), available at Access Research Network. This book would be a good companion piece to the film. The ARN catalog has many more books on the subject suitable for anyone from the high school student to the science reporter to the PhD academic researcher. As interesting a phenomenon as Expelled is in the culture war, no movie should be a crutch. Get informed so that your opinion has legs.(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
(Visited 174 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Scientists continue to find amazing things about animals and plants that they wish to imitate in technology.A squid-skin-inspired invisibility cloak (Nature). “A squid’s skin contains coloured cells, some of which expand and contract to help change the animal’s appearance.” Imitation of this technique at UC Irvine “has inspired a device that can be made invisible to infrared cameras and adapted to changing conditions.”Scientists mimic a worm’s lethal jaw to design and form resilient materials (Phys.org). With support from the U.S. Department of Energy, “Scientists created a bioinspired gradient in mechanical properties.” The inspiration comes from the polychaete worm, which for a soft animal has a surprisingly touch jaw with which it injects venom into its prey. It withstands large forces through the layering of materials. “The design of the jaw, with a gradient of hard materials at the tip connected to softer tissues, dissipates force and prevents serious damage to the jaw.”Photo by David Coppedge.Cactus roots inspire creation of water-retaining material (Phys.org). “During rare desert rainfalls, cacti waste no time sopping up and storing a storm’s precious precipitation.” Imitation of this process “could eventually have a host of applications in agriculture, cosmetics and medicine.”The raw power of human motion (Phys.org). Even the Arabs are getting into biological engineering. At King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, researchers are designing robots that can hitchhike on human energy. Triboelectric generators “capture mechanical energy from their surroundings, such as vibrations and random motion produced by humans, and convert it into electricity.”Mushrooms, feathers combine in biodegradable shoes (Phys.org). Researchers at the University of Delaware are skipping over the imitation part and going direct to the natural material. “Two University of Delaware students put their best foot forward at this year’s National Sustainable Design Expo, showing off a biodegradable shoe they fashioned using mushrooms, chicken feathers and textile waste.” The feathers provide growth medium for the mushrooms, which cushion and provide support. Hopefully the shoes don’t biodegrade while you’re walking around cactus to study water-retaining material.Bioinspired polarization vision enables underwater geolocalization (Science Advances). Ants, bees, crickets, dung beetles, and spiders may seem like under-log vermin to some people, but they are nuggets of gold for biomimetics hunters. Each of these, as well as honeybees and other animals, have the ability to detect and use polarized light. Even less explored are underwater animals, where light is highly polarized—a source of information animals can exploit. Science Daily points to squid and the mantis shrimp as examples. The paper says tells how their bioinspired technology can vastly improve on GPS information that degrades with depth:With its never-ending blue color, the underwater environment often seems monotonic and featureless. However, to an animal with polarization-sensitive vision, it is anything but bland. The rich repertoire of underwater polarization patterns—a consequence of light’s air-to-water transmission and in-water scattering—can be exploited both as a compass and for geolocalization purposes. We demonstrate that, by using a bioinspired polarization-sensitive imager, we can determine the geolocation of an observer based on radial underwater polarization patterns. Our experimental data, recorded at various locations around the world, at different depths and times of day, indicate that the average accuracy of our geolocalization is 61 km, or 6 m of error for every 1 km traveled. This proof-of-concept study of our bioinspired technique opens new possibilities in long-distance underwater navigation and suggests additional mechanisms by which marine animals with polarization-sensitive vision might perform both local and long-distance navigation.Biologically inspired membrane purges coal-fired smoke of greenhouse gases (Phys.org). Sandia National Labs is using information gained by research on enzymes to develop “A biologically inspired membrane intended to cleanse carbon dioxide almost completely from the smoke of coal-fired power plants,” this article explains.Gecko-inspired adhesives help soft robotic fingers get a better grip (Science Daily). The gecko is back, starring in another biomimetics role. At UC San Diego, “Researchers have developed a robotic gripper that combines the adhesive properties of gecko toes and the adaptability of air-powered soft robots to grasp a much wider variety of objects than the state of the art” (see picture in the article). The new project draws on previous work “at Stanford University and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory recreated that mechanism with a synthetic material called a gecko-inspired adhesive.”Credit: Illustra MediaNew camera inspired by butterfly eyes improves image-guided cancer surgery (Science Daily). Cancer patients, look at what The Optical Society is doing with butterflies. “By mimicking the intricate visual system of a butterfly, researchers have created a camera that provides surgeons with both a traditional color image as well as a near-infrared image that makes fluorescently labeled cancerous cells visible even under bright surgical lighting.”Can we imitate organisms’ abilities to decode water patterns for new technologies? (Science Daily). Animals leave flow patterns in their wake, whether in air or in water. Other animals take advantage of that information for hunting or predator avoidance. The article mentions a variety of animals: copepods, bats, seagulls. A researcher at USC “would like to understand how these water flow patterns are perceived at a local level, by an organism or a bio-inspired vehicle, and decode them to ascertain what’s happening in the water at a larger scale.”Cheer the biomimetics parade, and join it! Think of your kid’s next science project. What in the backyard can inspire him or her to learn and design an application?
A close up of the Gigapan robotic camera Nqobile Thusi, grade 11 and SaneleMthetwa,Grade 10.Both learners are part of the Gigapanproject. The Klipspruit Valley “Chicken Farm”Informal settlementImages: Khanyi MagubaneKhanyi MagubaneNo sooner has the bell signalling the end of yet another school day been rung than the raucous sound of hundreds of students streaming out of Lavela High School in Zola North, Soweto, can already be heard. But for a small group of students another world is just opening up.The 27 students chosen to take part in an exciting new project are diligently working away on their computers in the newly installed computer lab, where they are learning more about Gigapan.Gigapan is the name of a high-resolution robotic camera, developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in the US and project is an initiative developed to assist children from different backgrounds to understand each other and their worlds better. It is backed by funding from the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation’s International Bureau of Education. Other partners on the project are the Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), Google and National Geographic. The computers in the lab were installed by Gauteng Online, a project of the Gauteng Department of Education.The Soweto school is one of only four selected for the project, and it will be working with other children in the US and Trinidad and Tobago. It was selected for Gigapan after it worked with Unesco last year to lead discussions about Aids with a school in Australia.Panoramic views in fine detailThe Gigipan camera has the ability to capture images in great detail. Although at first glance they look like any other picture, they have been created by the software in the system joining together anything from 40 to 400 images. When these images are made available on a website the viewer is able to zoom in as much as 600-million pixels, enabling them to see something as detailed as a logo on a t-shirt or a street sign.CMU’s Professor of Robotics, Illah Nourbaksh, came to South Africa in April to teach pupils how to use the camera and the robotic arm that guides it, and he took the first pictures of Soweto that were loaded onto the site.Sanele Mthetwa, a 14-year-old grade 10 pupil, explains with pride how the project works, “We take snapshots, post them on a website and other kids in similar programmes around the world ask us questions about our lives.”What Mthetwa is referring to is the rare partnership between a few selected high schools around the world that have been given the Gigapan robotic camera. Students log on to a website where they can look at pictures posted by their partner school and if there is something of interest they see, the students are then able to zoom in and take a “snapshot”. There is a conversation box attached to the snapshot, enabling students to satisfy their curiosity with endless questions that they ask each other.Lavela’s partner school is Falk High School in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania in the US. Every day after school the Soweto pupils rush to the computers to see what their American friends have uploaded.The Soweto learners have fun taking snapshots and asking their American counterparts about their local community. In turn, they too answer questions about the panoramic pictures of Soweto.Grade 12 learner Asanda Songca, appointed the student leader of the project, had to gather together a group of interested students who would take part in the training session with Professor Nourbaksh. “The biggest challenge I had was to find students that were interested and committed to this project. It was important that we had a vision for the project. So far we are getting there, everyone is cooperating.”Capturing the disparate communitiesRecently the students decided to go to the top of the Klipspruit Valley Bridge in Soweto to take pictures. From this point the economic disparity between local residents can clearly be seen. A marsh and the Klipspruit Valley River separate residents living in dire poverty in a squatter camp (informal settlement) on the one side and residents living in big houses and relatively better conditions on the other.Two grade 11 pupils, Sanele Mpanza and Sibusiso Thusi, along with deputy principal Lulama Thobejane, mount the robotic camera at the top of the bridge. With their teacher’s guidance, the pupils decide that they will take a 180-degree panoramic shot of the Kliptown Chicken Farm squatter camp, and the surrounding Foxlake, Dlamini and Rockville townships.After some fiddling with the settings and punching in coordinates, the camera takes over and snaps away by itself. The students check the images on the camera, take a few more and then decide that they have taken enough for the day.For Thobejane, the project is exciting as it opens the eyes of students to a high-tech world that they didn’t know before. She says that through Gigapan her students have now joined a global community, “People from diverse cultures and origins must communicate, with the hope of making the world a better place.”The pupils have a six-month deadline to have the project up and running, after which they will be assessed on their progress.Useful linksGigapanGauteng online Gauteng Department of EducationThe Robotic institute of CMUUnescoNational Geographic
Qatar is about to lose the world’s longest route to Singapore Airlines: photo: Qatar. Capital cities in Ireland and Australia as well as the party towns of Las Vegas and Rio de Janeiro are among the new destinations targeted by Middle Eastern carrier Qatar as it continues its aggressive expansion in 2017-18.The airline announced this week it would add eight new international destinations to the seven it previously announced on its fast-growing network which already includes more than 150 destinations in six continents.The newly announced ports are: the Australian capital of Canberra; Dublin, Ireland; Las Vegas; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Santiago, Chile; Medan, Kualanamu International Airport, Indonesia; and Tabuk and Yanbu, the 9th and 10th destinations in Saudi Arabia.Canberra is the airline’s fifth destination in Australia and only the second international service for the city after Singapore Airlines started its Singapore-Canberra-Wellington “Capital Express” service this year.Las Vegas is the Gulf carrier’s 11th US destination while Medan is its third in Indonesia.The previously announced destinations for 2017-18 include the world’s longest commercial flight between Doha and New Zealand, scheduled to start February 5 as well as flights to Europe, Thailand and Africa.“With today’s network announcement, we will be able to connect more people to more places than any other Gulf airline, and we will ensure our passengers will delight in the journey,’’Qatar group chief executive Akbar Al Baker said in a statement.Qatar Airways, which has opened 12 new destinations so far in 2016, is a member of the oneworld alliance and competes against fellow gulf juggernauts Abu Dhabi-based Etihad and Dubai-based Emirates.It prides itself on a young fleet of 191 aircraft that includes Boeing 777 and 787 Dreamliner aircraft as well as wide range of Airbus aircraft. It was the global launch customer for the Airbus A350.
Author: Jim LangcusterThis article was originally published Thursday May 22, 2014 on the Military Families Learning Network blog.This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Twitter is a lot like caring for a goldfish. It doesn’t require the same level of commitment required for a child — or a dog, for that matter — but building a strong Twitter presence requires some commitment, even a daily commitment, if you plan to establish an exceptionally strong presence.How far you want to pursue this commitment is entirely your call.What follows is not intended to be a comprehensive guide to Twitter, only a few rules — a few rules of engagement that hopefully will help you articulate your commitment, and along the way to make this initiation into the rather arcane world of Twitter a little easier.Rule of Engagement #1: You Don’t Have to EngageLots of people lurk on Twitter. In other words, they only read other people’s tweets without tweeting themselves.That’s okay. Some people find Twitter interesting solely for the enormous amounts of dialogue and graphic- and link-sharing that occurs. Twitter has proven to be a great source for professionals and hobbyists who simply want to enhance or refine their knowledge.Rule of Engagement #2: Find Your Center of GravityOn the other hand, if you have signed onto Twitter with the goal of building a presence, your first priority should be finding your center of gravity. By center of gravity, we mean the traits that define your place in the Twittersphere — those special passions, interests, insights and skills you bring to the table and that will help you grow your Twitter presence. Likewise, you should reflect on the audience you wish to reach. What is the best way to connect your messages with your audiences? To put it another way, how do you package your tweets? What is the best way to phrase your tweets and what kind of graphics should you use to enhance some of them?Rule of Engagement #3: Share, Share and ShareTwitter is built on a foundation of reciprocity. You build a successful Twitter presence not only by providing your followers with interesting tweets, but also by retweeting the best of theirs.There’s a knack to this, one that can be gained only by close observation. Spend some time lurking and observing how others tweet and retweet before you wade in yourself.Rule of Engagement #4: Build ListsThese aren’t lists of enemies — of people who have snubbed or insulted you — far from it. Lists are essential for managing the immense volumes of tweets generated daily on Twitter. Building lists will help you identify and learn from those on Twitter who are also building interesting and engaging presences. Learn from them. Equally important, use these lists to identify the best daily tweets and retweet them. You will be surprised how quickly your own Twitter presence grows.Free applications such as Hootsuite and TweetDeck provide convenient means for building these lists.Rule of Engagement #4: Make as Much Hash as You CanYou can extend the reach of your tweets using hashtags — in other words, marking key words or topics with the #symbol.Popular hashtags include #followme #happy #picoftheday and #funny.While it’s important not to get carried away with hashtags, they increase the likelihood that you will connect with the audiences you’re trying to reach. (Note: The Network Literacy Community of Practice uses the hashtag #netlit to tag tweets and other social media posts related to network literacy.)Rule of Engagement #5: Mix It Up!It’s a good idea to stick to a general theme on Twitter. But don’t get too set in one’s ways. Mix it up every now and then. Don’t hesitate to venture off topic occasionally. Weave humor and other unexpected elements into your tweets.Other Twitter users appreciate you more when they realize you are a normal human being with genuine interests and passions.Rules of Engagement #6: There are No Hard and Fast Rules.Building an effective Twitter presence is an art, not a science.Any experienced twitter user will concede that there is no Magic Book of Twitter, no proven way to ensure that what you tweet will gain traction. A lot of success comes from closely observing others and learning from experienceIt calls for developing a sixth sense. That comes with time — not to mention, practice and patience.