New dwarf dinosaur species from SA

first_img4 October 2012 Fossils from South Africa continue to produce the goods for palaeontology. The latest to emerge from one of the country’s rocks is a bizarre, tiny new species of parrot-beaked, vampire-fanged, plant-eating dinosaur dating back some 200-million years. A specimen of the species – less than 60 centimetres long and no heavier than a house cat – was originally chipped out of rock in South Africa in the 1960s and discovered decades later in a collection of fossils at Harvard University in the United States by palaeontologist Paul Sereno from the University of Chicago. Sereno published his findings in online scientific journal ZooKeys on Wednesday. According to a statement from the University of Chicago, the new species is one of a number of small fanged plant-eaters called heterodontosaurs, or “different toothed reptiles,” thought to be among the first dinosaurs to spread across the planet. Named Pegomastax africanus or “thick jaw from Africa,” the new species had a short, parrot-shaped beak, a frontal pair of stabbing canines and tall teeth tucked behind for slicing plants. “The tall teeth in its upper and lower jaws operated like self-sharpening scissors, with shearing wear facets that slid past one another when the jaws closed,” the University of Chicago said. “The parrot-shaped skull, less than three inches [7.6 centimetres] long, may have been adapted to plucking fruit.” Sereno argues that it is very rare “that a plant-eater like Pegomastax would sport sharp-edged, enlarged canines” like that of a vampire. While some scientists argue that heterodontosaurs’ diet included meat, Sereno says a microscopic examination of the teeth of Pegomastax suggest they were more likely used in self-defense and competitive sparring for mates. Adding to the oddness of Pegomastax, Sereno believes they were probably mostly covered by porcupine-like bristles – basing his argument on the bristles found on a similar-sized heterodontosaur, Tianyulong, recently discovered in China. In life, Sereno says, Pegomastax and its kin – “the most advanced plant-eaters of their day” – would have been found scampering around in search of edible plants, looking like “nimble, two-legged porcupine[s]”. SAinfo reporter and UChicagoNewslast_img read more

IPL spot fixing: Dawood, Chhota Shakeel now proclaimed offenders

first_imgUnderworld don Dawood Ibrahim.A court in New Delhi Tuesday declared underworld don Dawood Ibrahim and his aide Chhota Shakeel proclaimed offenders in the IPL spot-fixing case.Additional Sessions Judge Neena Bansal Krishna declared the duo proclaimed offenders in the case after police completed the proceedings of their property attachment.Earlier, the court had issued non-bailable warrants against them.Delhi Police Tuesday informed the court, which had in August issued fresh directions to initiate property attachment proceedings against the duo, one property each of Dawood and Shakeel in Mumbai has already been attached in the 1993 Mumbai blasts case.Police also informed court that both of them have not returned India after 1993 blasts.On July 30, 2013, Delhi Police filed a charge sheet in the IPL spot-fixing case, alleging that Dawood and Shakeel, who have been controlling the betting racket in cricket in India, were behind the Indian Premier League (IPL) spot-fixing scandal.The formal set of charges, running into 6,000 pages, named cricketers S. Sreesanth, Ajit Chandila and Ankeet Chavan among other accused in the scandal related to the IPL-6 held in 2013.The accused have been charged with offences of cheating and conspiracy under various sections of the Indian Penal Code and provisions of the stringent Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (MCOCA).last_img read more

Report: Newcastle 2 Stoke 1

first_imgNewcastle United 2 Stoke City 1: Lascelles strikes again to make it three straight wins Matt Dorman Last updated 2 years ago 23:56 16/9/2017 Jamaal Lascelles - cropped Getty Images Jamaal Lascelles headed the winning goal for the second time in as many weeks to help Newcastle to a 2-1 victory over Stoke. A Matt Ritchie masterclass guided Newcastle United to a 2-1 home win over Stoke City as the Magpies recorded their best start to a Premier League campaign since 2011-12.Having netted the winner against Swansea last weekend, Jamal Lascelles again rose high to head the hosts to a third straight top-flight victory for the first time in almost three years.Christian Atsu earlier opened the scoring inside 19 minutes from a superb Ritchie cross, before Xherdan Shaqiri’s excellent strike restored parity after the restart. Article continues below Editors’ Picks ‘I’m getting better’ – Can Man Utd flop Fred save his Old Trafford career? Why Barcelona god Messi will never be worshipped in the same way in Argentina Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing But Ritchie picked out his skipper from a late corner for the second week to extend Rafael Benitez’s unbeaten streak against Stoke to six matches.The Spanish manager returned to the touchline after missing last week’s match and watched compatriot Joselu spurn a hat-trick of chances against his former club.However, Mark Hughes’ side were unable to make the most of the reprieves as their five-match unbeaten run against Newcastle came to an end.68′- GOOOAAAAAALLLLL!!!!! The captain has done it again!!! 2-1!! #NUFC pic.twitter.com/N72AtkG9Mb— Newcastle United FC (@NUFC) September 16, 2017Stoke enjoyed a wealth of early possession and quickly looked the brighter of the two sides, although their encouraging start counted for little when Newcastle broke the deadlock in the 19th minute.After his role in last week’s victory, Scotland winger Ritchie was again the architect for the opener, curling a perfect cross to the far post for Atsu to volley home.An unmarked Joselu could well have doubled the advantage against his former side when Chancel Mbemba’s delivery dropped in behind Stoke’s defence, but the Spaniard awkwardly directed a first-time finish past Jack Butland’s left upright.Joselu was again guilty of failing to make the Potters pay just moments later, the 27-year-old this time unable to beat Butland in a one-on-one when Ayoze Perez’s deflected strike fell kindly in the area.The trend continued immediately after the restart as Joselu made it a trio of wasted opportunities by inexplicably firing over at close-range after Kevin Wimmer misread Atsu’s left-sided cross.Magpies goalkeeper Rob Elliot was required to make a rare save when he palmed away Eric Maxim Choupo-Moting’s firm drive as Hughes’ side warmed to the contest.And the hosts’ string of missed chances came back to haunt them when Shaqiri took a pair of touches outside the box before curling a fine low finish inside the right post.6 – Each of Xherdan Shaqiri’s last six Premier League goals have been from outside the box. Whack.— OptaJoe (@OptaJoe) September 16, 2017Elliot next pushed Mame Biram Diouf’s header over the bar, before a recovering Kurt Zouma was deemed to have got a vital touch on the ball when he halted Atsu’s progress in the area just as the attacker looked destined to double his tally.It mattered little though as Ritchie and Lascelles combined to restore Newcastle’s lead, the defender credited with the goal as he challenged Wimmer in heading home a corner.And the captain’s effort proved to be a winning intervention for the home side for the second time in as many weeks, with Chuopo-Moting blasting over a gilt-edge final chance for the Potters to snatch a point. KEY OPTA STATS- Newcastle have won three consecutive top-flight games for the first time since November 2014.- Christian Atsu bagged his first Premier League goal in his 10th appearance in the competition, having made his English top-flight debut in August 2014.- Matt Ritchie has provided 11 assists in the league since the start of last season, more than any other Newcastle player.- Each of Xherdan Shaqiri’s last six Premier League goals have come from outside the box, with only two of his eight goals in the competition coming from inside the area.- All four of Jamaal Lascelles’ Premier League goals have been headers from corners. read morelast_img read more