Earth as a Habitable Planet

first_imgWhen viewed as a planet among planets, Earth is surprisingly surprising, considering how close it is to scientists’ investigating eyes.No hell on Earth:  Astrobiology Magazine claims that the “Hadean Era” of the early Earth was not as “hellish” as previously thought.  Historical geologists at Vanderbilt have questioned the conventional wisdom, but the article admits there have been two schools of thought.  “Our conclusion is counterintuitive,” says Calvin Miller of Vanderbilt, defending his team’s new view. “Hadean zircons grew from magmas rather similar to those formed in modern subduction zones, but apparently even ‘cooler’ and ‘wetter’ than those being produced today.”Natural fracking:  A “strange” sandstone formation in Colorado along the Rocky Mountain’s front range has baffled geologists.  Live Science calls it a case of “natural fracking” that injected fluid sand into bedrock (usually, intrusions occur the other way, igneous into sedimentary).  Science Magazine says the dates (based on zirons) of this Tava Formation make it older than the Rockies themselves.  It will change geologists’ perspective on the hypothetical supercontinent of Rodinia.Gravity tectonics:  How did plate tectonics get started?  “How this gargantuan process got started on early Earth has been quite a mystery,” reporter Jesse Emspak wrote for Live Science.  The traditional theory has been that convection started spreading the continental plates around.  Now, a new computer model says that gravity was up to the job, the article says.  “There is still work to be done – it’s a computer model – but Rey thinks it goes some way to help explain the composition and structure of the current crust.”Shaking up the uplift:  A geologist from Tulane is “shaking things up” about the formation of steep mountains, PhysOrg says.  “Nicole Gasparini was going upstream against a major trend in geologic research,” the article begins.  “Many geologists ascribe to the popular hypothesis about the formation of very steep mountain ranges: that a wet climate and heavy rainfall on one side of a mountain range are needed to drive erosion and uplift the mountain to high elevations.”  The classic case has been the Andes.  When Gasparini tested the idea with models, she didn’t see climate being a factor (even though, ironically, she never has visited the Andes).  Her ideas put “rain on the parade” of the leading theory, the article saysGoing against the flow:  Models of river flow have been too simplistic, a group of geologists found on a 486-km raft trip down the Fraser River in Canada.  Nicole Gasparini described this paradigm-shifting work in Science Magazine about a paper by Venditti et al. in the same issue.  Rivers in steep-sided canyons don’t just cut straight down uniformly.  All kinds of turbulent effects, including swirling eddies, have significant effects on the walls of canyons and the shapes of riverbeds.  “The results call for a re-evaluation of how waterways carve through bedrock to form canyons,” Gasparini says.  See also PhysOrg and Science Daily.Jesus had some words about geology.  He warned those who build their lives on the shifting sands of man’s opinions instead of the solid rock of His word (Matthew 7:24-29). (Visited 13 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Growing our Generation: Our jump into the sheepindustry

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Levi and Krysti Morrow from Morgan County are the editors of the Sept. 23, 2019 Growing our Generation enewsletter, featuring insights and ideas directly from Ohio’s young farmers and food and agricultural professionals.Hi! We’re Levi and Krysti Morrow, your guest editors for the Growing Our Generation e-Newsletter this week! With the “help” of our 15-month-old son, Charlie, we own and operate Rocky Knob Farms in McConnelsville.  We are the u-pick strawberry and pumpkin source in Morgan County and now are dipping our feet into the commercial hair sheep business. Krysti spends her time split between mom life and farm life managing the day to day chores, marketing and planning for our u-pick operations and farmers markets. Levi is an agriculture education teacher at Morgan Local Schools in our county and does all the cropping and haying for the farm.In our 2017 edition, we discussed the importance of business planning, knowing your resources as a beginning farmer and what exactly we do with our leftover pumpkins. Thanks for joining us this week as we dive into some cool ideas!Sheep in AppalachiaOur jump into the sheep industry really took off in March of this year. I (Krysti) found myself in a sticky situation that I wasn’t really strong enough for. A calving cow was having a hard time and although I was able to pull the calf I couldn’t – by myself – move the cow around to help her circulation. Thankfully, a family member got home just in time to help move her and all ended up fine.  That was a big wake up call for me and started the thought process that maybe cattle weren’t going to be the path we followed for our operation.  Sheep, hair sheep specifically, were the livestock we found that seemed the best fit and so far we are enjoying learning more and more.  One of the things we found helpful in deciding was the outlook for the sheep market; with the growing ethnic population in America, the market is seeing more and more of a demand for lamb.  The other major factor that helped us decide was how our pastures lay and the shape of the land. In Southeast Ohio there aren’t many flat places and sheep are adequately designed to be able to graze a hillside more efficiently than cattle. We found this article, shared by the OSU Sheep Team, very interesting from the perspective that sheep may be one answer to repurposing some of the grown-up land in Appalachia and revitalizing some parts of our small communities. U-pick to answering consumer questionsWhen we opened the u-pick pumpkin patch for the first time in 2016, our two main goals were to make enough money to cover the mortgage payment and to help people understand how modern agriculture actually works by having conversations and answering their questions. It’s hard to start those conversations though just off the cuff. I mean, how do you ask someone what they think about modern agriculture without seeming too aggressive?We found that over the course of that season, a handful of people did ask us about how we fed our cattle at the time and made hay for them to eat over the winter and how we planted our pumpkins. Once we added strawberries in the spring of 2018, the conversations came a little more easily, likely because we were providing a product that would actually be eaten not just sit on your porch and look pretty. More and more moms asked us if we sprayed our strawberries with any pesticides and how we felt about our food system in America. A lot of their concerns seemed to stem back to the labels they see in the grocery store and what they actually mean.Now some of the people who asked us questions, already had their minds made up that if a product was sprayed with pesticide it was bad and they didn’t want anything to do with it – there was no changing or easing their mind.  Others though were truly asking out of curiosity and wanted to know our opinions as farmers and the ones that are producing food. I think the portion of people in the middle – those that don’t know and are willing to listen and learn – are the group we’re looking to speak with and share the story of what happens on our farm with.  If you are into listening to podcasts, What The Farm Podcast with Rob Sharkey and Leslie Kelly is a really good one when it comes to learning how we can relate more to the public.  We’ll try to do a better job of sharing what goes on on our farm from day to day to help the public really see how their food is grown, it can’t hurt. SUBSCRIBE to receive Growing our Generation, a biweekly eletter with a different featured editor to meet each issue. Browse the archive of past issues.This e-newsletter is brought to you by Ohio Farm Bureau’s Young Ag Professionals. Learn more about Farm Bureau membership, including a discounted category for those 18-24 years old.last_img read more

With Premiere Pro and FCPX on the Rise, Where Did Avid Go Wrong?

first_imgThe video editing landscape is ever changing; Premiere Pro is on the rise in Hollywood, Final Cut Pro is exceeding expectations, and Avid is in decline. Let’s find out why.Top image via Avid BlogsToday’s industry climate is governed by the big three large video editing platforms: Avid, Premiere Pro, and Final Cut Pro. Avid has long since been considered the gold standard NLE for the film industry, but recent industry shifts have seen Avid’s market share shrink dramatically. Why is this? It’s due to a few fatal errors in judgement.Non-Linear Editing Software OptionsLet’s get one thing very clear — the majority of film-industry editors still use Avid, and while Premiere Pro is making some good headway, Avid’s dominance isn’t dying off just yet. Some might remember a time when Avid wasn’t just an NLE for the Hollywood elite. In fact, there was a time when Avid rose to prominence among a sea of NLEs with high prices. Other solid NLEs (like Lightworks, Final Cut Pro 7, and the earliest form of Premiere Pro) floundered into a smaller market share.But then, as we’ll discuss below, Avid made a fatal error that caused a surge in the number of editors using Premiere Pro CC and Final Cut Pro X, even in Avid’s traditional stronghold of Hollywood. This pattern can be seen in examples like Gone Girl, which was cut in Premiere Pro, and Focus, which was cut in Final Cut Pro X. And now even more editors are making the jump away from Avid. Deadpool and Hail, Caesar! were both edited in Premiere Pro CC, and Whiskey Tango Foxtrot was cut in Final Cut Pro X.Video via Adobe Creative CloudWhile this isn’t necessarily a mass exodus, as films like Star Wars: The Force Awakens, The Martian, The Revenant, and Mad Max: Fury Road were all cut in Avid, the situation does raise some valid questions. For instance, what was the above-mentioned misstep made by Avid that Apple and Adobe avoided?What Avid Got WrongUntil 2012, Avid Technology had been the dominant force in the marketplace, but that all changed when the company declared it was exiting the consumer NLE business. What was the cause of this? Poor marketing.Avid’s inability to effectively market Media Composer to the next generation signaled its doom in the consumer market. This decision had large ramifications for the company, as Scott Kirsner of the Boston Globe reported.In the aftermath, Avid has been “forced up into the top of the pyramid,” in Overington’s words, selling to a smallish community of professionals who make movies or music for a living — or aspire to. It no longer has the power to set prices, which are driven by players like Apple and Adobe. – Scott Kirsner, Boston GlobeAgain, as Kirsner points out in his article, Avid just couldn’t compete with Adobe and Apple in terms of marketing and consumer pricing. Creative Cloud software is reasonably affordable and comes with more than just an NLE. Then there’s Final Cut Pro X, which showcases a single price point that won’t break the bank. Because of this, the editors of tomorrow are taking advantage of lower entry costs and using Premiere Pro and Final Cut Pro X on a larger scale.Google Trends of the big three NLEs: Avid, Premiere Pro, and Final Cut ProBecause of this subtle shift in NLE usage, and due to a company realignment, Avid, as of late February 2016, laid off another large portion of their workforce. Avid has tried to right the ship and reach out to the next generation of editors by offering Media Composer | First for free. Only time will tell if this pays off for Avid. But as of early 2016, the circumstances above have allowed companies like Adobe and Apple to insert themselves into the discussion for most industry editors, which, as we noted above, caused Deadpool editor Julian Clarke to make the switch.Video via Adobe Creative CloudWhich NLE Should You Use?When it comes time to pick which NLE you should learn, there’s one thing to keep in mind: you really should have a base knowledge of all NLEs if you want to be a professional editor. You’ll obviously gravitate to and excel at the NLE you like best, but knowing the basic ins and outs of the others will definitely help you as you advance through your professional career.At the end of the day, an NLE is simply a tool for creating amazing content. Do your research and pick the tool that will help you best achieve your goals as an editor.Which NLE do you use? Did you try one and then move to another? Tell all about your experience in the comments below.last_img read more

Six Congress MLAs made Punjab CM’s advisors, BJP cries foul

first_imgThe Punjab government has appointed six Minister-rank advisors to Chief Minister Amarinder Singh, a move termed by the opposition BJP as an attempt to circumvent the constitutional cap on the size of State’s Cabinet.The development is also being seen as an attempt to placate those who failed to get a berth in the last Cabinet reshuffle in the State. Five Congress MLAs will now get the status of Cabinet Ministers and the sixth that of a Minister of State, officials said on Tuesday. Four MLAs — Kushaldeep Singh Dhillon of Faridkot, Singh Raja Warring of Gidderbaha, Sangat Singh Gilzian of Urmur and Inderbir Singh Bolaria of Amritsar South — have been designated as advisors (political) while the fifth one, Kuljeet Singh Nagra of Fatehgarh Sahib, has been designated as advisor (planning), officials said.All the five have been given the Cabinet rank and status, they said. The sixth one — Tarsem Singh DC of Attari — has been given the designation of Advisor (planning) with the rank of a minister of state, the officials said. The opposition claimed the move is aimed at circumventing the Constitution (91th amendment) Act, 2003.It is clearly a step to circumvent the law whereby the strength of ministers cannot exceed 15 per cent of the total members of the House. With the appointment of political advisers, the government is putting additional financial burden on the state exchequer, BJP national secretary Tarun Chugh said. With 117 members in the Punjab assembly, the maximum strength of the council of ministers can be 18. Including the Chief Minister, the Punjab government has already 17 ministers in its Cabinet. The Chief Minister’s move came amid resentment among some Congress legislators over several issues, including denied ministerial berths. Some MLAs are also upset with the state government over its handling of cases of desecration of the Guru Granth Sahib in the state in 2015.last_img read more

PH gold medal bet Obiena injures ACL, out of SEA Games

first_imgWATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Tabal delivers first gold medal for PH, rules women’s marathon Flags of SEA Games countries raised at Athletes Village Man sworn in as lawyer by judge who sentenced him to prison as a teen 20 years ago Read Next PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games PLAY LIST 03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:50Trending Articles01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses EJ Obiena has broken the national record 14 times and, at 21, looks very capable of raising the bar well beyond the 5.55 meters he achieved in a recent athletics meet in Singapore (photo).KUALA LUMPUR—Ernest John Obiena, the Italy-trained pole vaulter who is expected to deliver a gold medal for the Philippines, dropped out of the Southeast Asian Games even before he could even take the plane out of Manila.Obiena tore his anterior cruciate ligament and has to undergo surgery after a bad fall during practice at Philsports Arena Friday, one the eve of the national track and field team’s flight to this capital city.ADVERTISEMENTcenter_img “I don’t know why he had to still practice when he’s about to leave the next day,” said a disappointed Philippine Track and Field Association president Philip Ella Juico.READ: Obiena a sure gold in SEA GamesFEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutBut Juico said he’s being taken care of and would still be qualified for Asian Games next year. “He will have surgery today,” he added.Obiena’s personal record of 5.50 meters is better than the existing SEA Games benchmark of 5.30 meters, making the 21-year-old vaulter a title favourite. “Good thing Mary Joy (Tabal) won today,” added Juico, referring to the newly minted marathon champion.READ: Ernest Obiena resets PH pole vault record in Germany tiltIt wasn’t the first time Obiena had bad luck. This year, his equipment worth $7,000 was damaged during a flight back to Rome from India.He had to ask help from friends over Facebook to buy a new set of poles and bag.ADVERTISEMENT LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games MOST READ LATEST STORIES View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspensionlast_img read more

PH could lose equestrian gold

first_imgColin Syquia of the Philippines. Photo taken from the official Twitter account of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games @KL2017Filipino-American Colin Syquia has yet to make a decision whether to contest the international equestrian federation (FEI) findings that stated his mount, Adventure E, was found to have taken banned substance.FEI came out with a “table of suspension” that included the horse of Syquia, a New York-based horse dealer who brought the Philippines its only gold medal in the Kuala Lumpur Southeast Asian Games last August.ADVERTISEMENT View comments BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight PBA Finals: Durham tows Meralco past Ginebra to avoid 0-3 hole Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients  Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. center_img Kin of Misamis Oriental hero cop to get death benefits, award — PNP MOST READ LATEST STORIES Read Next Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games Philippine Olympic Committee president Jose “Peping” Cojuangco Jr., the equestrian head, didn’t reply to text messages sent by the Inquirer.Syquia saw action for the first time in the Philippine team but his stint encountered a major challenge after Adventure E had to travel for 36 hours hopping from New York to Amsterdam, Baku and KL.The Filipino rider, who upstaged his Malaysian counterparts for the SEAG jumping gold, almost didn’t push through with the trip because of the stress undergone by his horse.The Philippines struggled during the SEA Games with only 24 golds to show, its worst in terms of gold medals won in more than 10 years.ADVERTISEMENT If the test is finalized, Syquia could lose his SEA Games gold.Adventure E was found to have Clomethiazole, a banned substance, in its blood. The horse was suspended for two months by FEI. The 46-year-old Syquia was “provisionally” suspended but the FEI decision didn’t say how long.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutNational team manager Danny Virata said they were informed of the FEI findings but until now have yet to hear from Syquia.“We still don’t know if that was the first test, or if they are still going to conduct another confirmatory test,” said Virata.last_img read more

Diageo to build new whiskey distillery in Kentucky

first_imgLOUISVILLE, Ky. — Spirits giant Diageo is taking a deeper plunge into bourbon and American whiskey production with plans for a new distillery in Kentucky.The company says the $130 million venture includes plans to build a distillery and warehouses in Marion County.Diageo says the distillery will support its “growth ambition” in the bourbon and American whiskey categories.The new distillery will supplement Diageo’s Kentucky operations at its Stitzel-Weller distillery in Louisville and its Bulleit distillery near Shelbyville. The company says the new distillery will be able to produce up to 10 million proof gallons per year, or 3.8 million 9-litre cases.Diageo says its Bulleit bourbon brand had double-digit growth in the U.S. in the past year.The company says it hopes to start production at the new distillery in 2021.The Associated Presslast_img read more

Arundhati Roys new book launched in the Capital

first_imgCelebrated author Arundhati Roy’s new book ‘Ek Tha Doctor Ek Tha Sant’ was launched on April 5, at the Constitution Club, by a noted panel of writers, journalists and activists including Urmilesh Urmi, Dilip Mandal, Rajendra Pal Gautam, Anita Bharti, Manisha Bangar, Sunil Sardar and Anil Yadav. This book is a translation of The Doctor and the Saint: Caste, Race, and Annihilation of Caste – The Debate Between B R Ambedkar and M K Gandhi, written by Arundhati Roy. The Hindi book was translated by Ratan Lal and Anil Yadav ‘Jai Hind’. Also Read – An income drop can harm brainTalking about the book, Roy insists readers must examine both the political development and influence of M K Gandhi, and also why B R Ambedkar’s brilliant challenge to his near-divine status was suppressed by India’s elite. In Roy’s analysis, we see that Ambedkar’s fight for justice was systematically sidelined in favor of policies that reinforced caste, resulting in the current nation of India: independent of British rule, globally powerful, and marked to this day by the caste system. Also Read – Shallu Jindal honoured with Mahatma AwardBoth Ambedkar and Gandhi were their generation’s emissaries of a profound social, political and philosophical conflict that had begun long ago and has still by no means ended. The debate between Ambedkar and Gandhi is not new but the book gave a perspective to the difference. The panel discussed Ambedkar’s arguments in their vital historical context— namely, as an extended public political debate with Mohandas Gandhi. They also discussed some uncomfortable, controversial, and even surprising truths about the political thought and career of India’s most famous and most revered figure.last_img read more

Stop Assange extradition to US Labour to UK PM

first_imgLondon: Key figures in Britain’s opposition Labour Party said Friday the government should oppose the extradition of Julian Assange to the United States. Party leader Jeremy Corbyn said in a tweet that the U.S. is trying to extradite Assange because he exposed “evidence of atrocities in Iraq and Afghanistan.” Diane Abbott, Labour’s spokeswoman for domestic affairs, told the BBC the government should block the extradition on human rights grounds, adding that much of the information that he brought into the public domain was in the public interest. Also Read – Saudi Crown Prince ‘snubbed’ Pak PM, recalled jet from USAbbott said the US case against Assange is about the “embarrassment of the things he’s revealed about the American military and security services.” Police arrested the WikiLeaks founder Thursday at the Ecuadorian embassy in London after Ecuador withdrew his asylum. He is in custody awaiting sentencing for jumping bail in 2012, and is also facing what is expected to be a lengthy extradition proceeding initiated by the United States. US Justice Department officials seek to put Assange on trial for allegedly conspiring to break into a classified government computer at the Pentagon. The charge was announced after Assange was taken into custody. If found guilty, Assange faces a maximum five years in prison. It is also possible that Assange, 47, will face an extradition request from Sweden if prosecutors there decide to pursue allegations of rape and sexual misconduct against him. Also Read – Record number of 35 candidates in fray for SL Presidential pollsAssange took refuge in the Ecuadorian embassy in 2012 after he was released on bail in Britain while facing extradition to Sweden on the allegations. He had stayed inside the embassy building for seven years. Swedish prosecutors dropped the case against Assange in 2017, saying at the time there was no prospect of bringing him to Sweden because of his protected status inside the embassy. Assange received a verbal rebuke in his first court appearance Thursday afternoon when District Judge Michael Snow found him guilty of breaching his bail conditions. “Mr Assange’s behavior is that of a narcissist who cannot get beyond his own selfish interests,” Snow said. Assange’s next court appearance was set for May 2 via prison video-link in relation to the extradition case, a process that involves several layers of appeal that could take years.last_img read more