Citation: New Evidence for the ‘Solar Oxygen Crisis’ (2007, May 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-05-evidence-solar-oxygen-crisis.html Scientists have published new evidence supporting the recent discovery that the Sun contains about half as much oxygen as previously thought, an issue some scientists have dubbed the solar oxygen crisis. This is a potentially huge scientific problem because scientists have used the particular prior measurement as a platform for understanding the inner workings of other stars. Oxygen is the third most abundant atom in the universe and the element most frequently produced in the “nuclear furnaces” of stars. In many astrophysical situations, oxygen is linked to the abundances carbon, nitrogen, and neon. If the oxygen abundance in the Sun is half as much as scientists thought, these other elemental abundances may also be off by a factor of two.“The abundance of solar oxygen serves as a key reference for the chemical composition of other stars,” lead scientist Hector Socas-Navarro, of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, explained to PhysOrg.com. “We thought we had very solid measurements of this abundance since the 1980s, but recent evidence indicates that we’ve been overestimating it by almost a factor of two. The implications of this are incredibly important.”In the April 19, 2007, online edition of The Astrophysical Journal, Socas-Navarro and colleague Aimee Norton, a solar physicist at the National Solar Observatory, discuss how they obtained new evidence for the solar oxygen crisis by using a type of light-analysis device to take measurements of infrared and visible light radiating from a patch of the Sun.The device, known as the Spectro-Polarimeter for Infrared and Optical Regions (SPINOR), attaches to a telescope; in this case, the Richard Dunn Solar Telescope located in Sunspot, New Mexico. The telescope collects the light and sends it to SPINOR, which analyzes its properties. Because atoms in the Sun emit light at very specific wavelengths, the researchers can calculate the abundances of various elements by measuring the wavelengths of light rays coming in.Analysis of the SPINOR data produced a value of the oxygen abundance that agrees with calculations by other research groups studying the solar oxygen crisis. The measurement contained larger-than-expected uncertainty.“This measurement is more uncertain than we thought it would be, which is one of the interesting conclusions of our particular work,” said Socas-Navarro.He added that there is another major downside of a lower oxygen abundance. Models of the solar interior once predicted that sound waves in the Sun traveled at certain speed, a value that agreed well with the measured speed. Because the speed depends on composition, this is another way that scientists learn about the processes that take place in the Sun, what elements it is made of, and in what quantities. Now, with the Sun having half as much oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, and neon, the sound speed derived from the models doesn’t match the measured speed well.“Exactly what this means is not very clear, but it casts doubt on the correctness or at least the accuracy of models of stellar interiors, which are a cornerstone of modern astrophysics,” he said.Citation: H. Socas-Navarro and A.A. Norton, “The solar oxygen crisis: Probably not the last word” The Astrophysical Journal, 660:L153-L156, 2007 May 10Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Scientists find sun’s history buried in moon’s crust Explore further
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — One of the drawbacks associated with using semiconductor lasers is that many of them can only produce a beam of a single wavelength, and can only send that beam in one direction at a time. There have been efforts to tune lasers so that different wavelengths can be achieved, but these lasers still emit light only in one direction, and one wavelength at a given time. All that could change, though. Harvard University scientists Federico Capasso and Nanfang Yu , in Cambridge, Massachusetts, have been working with an international team to develop a laser that offers multibeam emission. Citation: Building a more versatile laser (2009, November 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-11-versatile-laser.html Scientists demonstrate highly directional semiconductor lasers The special grating directs laser beams. Illustration by Nanfang Yu, simulation results from the computer modeling and 3D illustration software. Explore further “Usually semiconductor lasers can only emit a single wavelength. Our design, though, allows us to emit beams in different directions, as well as beams of different wavelengths,” Capasso tells PhysOrg.com. Capasso believes that this work with fellow scientists at Harvard, and from the Institute of Quantum Electronics in Zurich, Switzerland, as well as Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. in Hamamatsu, Japan, will lead to a number of uses in a variety of applications in the future. He refers to the group’s efforts as “beam engineering.” The results of the latest simulations and experiments the group has done with multibeam lasers can be seen in Applied Physics Letters: “Multi-beam multi-wavelength semiconductor lasers.”The secret to the success of these lasers, Capasso explains, is the specially designed collimator used to direct the beams. “We realized that by designing a special collimator with two different gratings, we could create a beam that comes out to you at a certain angle, and another beam that comes out at a different angle. This essential allows us to use diffraction and interference to design beams to our specifications.”Previously, Capasso and his peers had shown how a plasmonic structure with aperture grating on a laser facet could collimate the beam that emerged. Taking this principle, the international team decided to split the beam of a quantum cascade laser into two different beams by using successive plasmonic gratings to define different lengths and periods on the laser’s facet. The result was that it was possible to create two different beams – of different wavelengths and heading in different directions – with the same laser.“We have created a multi-functional laser,” Capasso insists, “that has a lot of potential. Not only can this add to the functionality of lasers as we have them already, but there is also the possibility of new applications in the future. This beam engineering will make lasers more efficient, since it requires more focus on designing the facet, rather than having to build an entire laser for each application.” Some of the possible applications include fiber optic communications, interferometry, spectroscopy, holography, and LiDAR (light detection and ranging).Capasso hopes that this work can be continued in the future. “We want to be able to steer the beam in real time, rather than having to set it ahead of time. Real time beam steering has been done by using multiple lasers in complicated maneuvers, but we hope to be able to use beam engineering to do it with a single laser.”More information: Nanfang Yu, et. al., “Multi-beam multi-wavelength semiconductor lasers,” Applied Physics Letters (2009). Available online: http://link.aip.org/link/?APPLAB/95/161108/1 Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.
Citation: Scientists find first evidence that many universes exist (2010, December 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-12-scientists-evidence-universes.html (PhysOrg.com) — By looking far out into space and observing what’s going on there, scientists have been led to theorize that it all started with a Big Bang, immediately followed by a brief period of super-accelerated expansion called inflation. Perhaps this was the beginning of everything, but lately a few scientists have been wondering if something could have come before that, setting up the initial conditions for the birth of our universe. More information: Stephen M. Feeney, Matthew C. Johnson, Daniel J. Mortlock, and Hiranya V. Peiris. “First Observational Tests of Eternal Inflation.” arXiv:1012.1995v1 [astro-ph.CO]via: The Physics arXiv Blog Scientists glimpse universe before the Big Bang The signatures of a bubble collision: A collision (top left) induces a temperature modulation in the CMB temperature map (top right). The “blob” associated with the collision is identified by a large needlet response (bottom left), and the presence of an edge is determined by a large response from the edge detection algorithm (bottom right). Image credit: Feeney, et al. Explore further © 2010 PhysOrg.com In the most recent study on pre-Big Bang science posted at arXiv.org, a team of researchers from the UK, Canada, and the US, Stephen M. Feeney, et al, have revealed that they have discovered four statistically unlikely circular patterns in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). The researchers think that these marks could be “bruises” that our universe has incurred from being bumped four times by other universes. If they turn out to be correct, it would be the first evidence that universes other than ours do exist.The idea that there are many other universes out there is not new, as scientists have previously suggested that we live in a “multiverse” consisting of an infinite number of universes. The multiverse concept stems from the idea of eternal inflation, in which the inflationary period that our universe went through right after the Big Bang was just one of many inflationary periods that different parts of space were and are still undergoing. When one part of space undergoes one of these dramatic growth spurts, it balloons into its own universe with its own physical properties. As its name suggests, eternal inflation occurs an infinite number of times, creating an infinite number of universes, resulting in the multiverse.These infinite universes are sometimes called bubble universes even though they are irregular-shaped, not round. The bubble universes can move around and occasionally collide with other bubble universes. As Feeney, et al., explain in their paper, these collisions produce inhomogeneities in the inner-bubble cosmology, which could appear in the CMB. The scientists developed an algorithm to search for bubble collisions in the CMB with specific properties, which led them to find the four circular patterns.Still, the scientists acknowledge that it is rather easy to find a variety of statistically unlikely properties in a large dataset like the CMB. The researchers emphasize that more work is needed to confirm this claim, which could come in short time from the Planck satellite, which has a resolution three times better than that of WMAP (where the current data comes from), as well as an order of magnitude greater sensitivity. Nevertheless, they hope that the search for bubble collisions could provide some insight into the history of our universe, whether or not the collisions turn out to be real. “The conclusive non-detection of a bubble collision can be used to place stringent limits on theories giving rise to eternal inflation; however, if a bubble collision is verified by future data, then we will gain an insight not only into our own universe but a multiverse beyond,” the researchers write in their study.This is the second study in the past month that has used CMB data to search for what could have occurred before the Big Bang. In the first study, Roger Penrose and Vahe Gurzadyan found concentric circles with lower-than-average temperature variation in the CMB, which could be evidence for a cyclic cosmology in which Big Bangs occur over and over. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
‘Mirza Ghalib portrayed on the stage a number of times but never in a negative avatar. And that is the basic premise of my play, said Aziz Qurashi. Generally, people tend to go gaga at the mere mention of the Urdu poet. But few are aware that he had a negative side to him as well. Qurashi, in his play Aitraaf-e-ghalib (which means confessions of Ghalib), explores facets of him which are either unknown to many or simply kept under wraps for fear of disgrace. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’‘The plot of the play revolves around Ghalib in the last stages of his life and as he lay on his death bed, how the poet ruminated about his past deeds and mistakes which he now knows can never be reversed’ said Qurashi.Ghalib is portrayed as a split personality on the stage whereby there are three Ghalibs. One portrays the role a nawab, the second a poet and the third old Ghalib.The highlight of the play is a dialogue between the two Ghalibs (Nawab and poet) and how each one questions the other’s existence and tries to explore who is more imperative for survival and fame. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix‘Like the Nawab Ghalib points out that if he was not born in a aristocratic family, then the poet Ghalib would have never been honed. Similarly, the poet Ghalib says that if he never tried his hand at poetry, then no one would have cared for Nawab’s aristocracy,’ added Qurashi.Aitraaf-e-Ghalib is a musical based on flashbacks. ‘Ghalib indulged in all sorts of vices. He used to go to prostitutes, was an alcoholic but at the same time was a genius,’ said Qurashi. One of the most striking facts about Ghalib’s life was that he never mentioned his wife or children. Nor was there any narration about his family life. But he used to visit a brothel where his mistress used to sing his couplets as songs and entertain people during those days.With a cast and crew of over 35 people, the play has been recreated using 80 per cent of Ghalib’s original letters. ‘With a view to get as real as possible, the same atmosphere in terms of costumes, props and lighting has been recreated on the stage,’ said Qurashi.DETAILAt: Stein Auditorium, India Habitat Centre, Lodi Road When: 30 December Timings: 7 pm onwards
Kolkata: Coming down heavily on the opposition, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Wednesday said that an unholy nexus has been formed that is misinforming people in connivance with a vernacular daily.Elaborating on the ongoing trouble and violence before the forthcoming Panchayat polls, she said problems have arisen in namely seven districts. In Mohammadbazar, the BJP had brought in people from Jharkhand. In Bankura, veteran CPI(M) leader Basudeb Acharya was injured. In Sandeshkhali, a Trinamool Congress worker was killed while in Sashan in North 24-Parganas, a party leader was murdered on Wednesday evening. In Murshidabad, there were incidents of violence and in Birbhum’s Nalhati, a vernacular daily had created a hype, trying to influence people. In South Dinajpur, veteran party leader Asim Ghosh’s house was ransacked by unidentified miscreants. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flights”I generally do not take the name of the newspaper but it is Anandabazar that is circulating false stories. If we recall, before 2016 Assembly polls, the newspaper had written against the TMC and projected an alliance. Now, it is writing stories in such a manner as if there is violence throughout the state and such stories are being circulated to mislead the masses.”The Chief Minister said no incidents of violence were reported from East and West Burdwan, North Dinajpur, Cooch Behar, Malda and Nadia. She alleged that the BJP was trying to mislead people and are “spending money to publish false news just to create hype. I do not know whether it is BJP’s paid news or not.” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedShe further added: “If any incident takes place, one vernacular television channel circulates the news throughout the day just to influence the commoners.”She also wondered that if violence had erupted in the whole of Bengal, then how could the opposition file nearly 70,000 candidates and “if you take the number of Independent candidates, it amounts to somewhere around 90,000.”Banerjee stated: “How could we forget those days when our supporters were killed by the CPI(M) cadres in Netai, Singur and Nandigram. They chopped off the hands of our supporters in Howrah. Our candidates were prevented from filing nominations in the Panchayat elections. In 2003, we had filed 30,000 candidates followed by 35,000 candidates in 2008.” Banerjee maintained that the opposition does not have the strength to file candidates in all the seats. “They fail to get candidates. It is not our fault. I cannot go to their houses to cook food,” she said.She alleged that the BJP, CPI(M) and Congress are working hand-in-glove in the Panchayat elections. She also said many CPI(M) backed goons have become candidates for the BJP. “It’s a real shame. The party has failed to strengthen its organisation and now the goons are working for a communal party like the BJP.” She said in Delhi, the Congress is against the saffron party and here in Bengal, they are working with it. We don’t believe in such a principle. We are against the communal BJP in Bengal and in Delhi as well.”Banerjee added that there will not be any bandh called by the Left Front on April 13. “It’s another gimmick. It is a six-hour bandh from 6 am to 12 noon. Most of the shops are opened after 10 am. People come to the office around 11 am.” She said the buses and vehicles will ply as usual and the offices will remain open too.Speaking on the assault of a journalist, she said no police complaint was made. “It is a tragedy that before going to the administration to register a complaint, they have lodged one with a local vernacular daily and made a huge noise to attract the attention of the people.”
Kolkata: In a reshuffle in the IAS cadre in Bengal, Dr Preeti Goyal has become the Additional District Magistrate (ADM) of North 24-Parganas.An IAS of 2013 batch, Dr Goyal, who is a medical practitioner, was earlier posted as Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO) Arambagh. She had fought against illegal sand mining as SDO Arambagh and brought an end to the menace in the area. Dr Goyal had also united a 65-year-old woman with her near and dear ones after five decades, after finding out her native place in Nagaland. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsNitin Singhania of the same batch has become the Joint Secretary in Chief Minister’s Office (CMO). He was earlier posted as SDO Kalna. Abhishek Kumar Tiwary, who was Joint Secretary in CMO, has been made ADM Howrah. Dr Rajat Nanda, who was SDO Serampore, has become ADM Hooghly and Nidhi, who is also of the 2013 batch, has become ADM Nadia. Anshul Gupta has become ADM Murshidabad. He was earlier posted as SDO Uluberia.Tshering Y Bhutia, who was SDO Islampur, has become ADM Jalpaiguri. Manish Mihra is the new SDO Islampur. Raju Mishra, who was Officer on Special Duty (OSD) in Higher Education department, has become SDO Khatra. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedDr Akanksha Bhaskar, OSD of Health and Family Welfare, has become ADO Raghunathpur. Tushar Singhla, OSD of Power department, has become SDO Uluberia.Smrutiranjan Mohanty of 2015 batch has become SDO Rampurhat. He was earlier posted as OSD School Education. Lakshmi B Tanneeru, OSD of the Women and Child Development and Social Welfare department, has become SDO Arambagh.Shevale Abhijit Tukaram has become SDO Kalimpong. Kuhuk Bhushan, who was OSD Finance, has become SDO Haldia. Dhivya L, who was an OSD in Personnel and Administrative Reforms and e-governance department, has become SDO Domkal. Srikanth Palli has been posted as SDO Durgapur.
Falling short of winter wear and have an office party to attend? A great mix of summer and winter wear can ease your dressing woes in the winter season.Here are five ways to glamourise your summer outfit for the winter season:Floral summer dress: A cute floral summer dress can go great lengths when paired with the right accessories. Heels can glamorise any outfit, so team your favourite pair of black pumps with your summer dress. Another way of turning a summer dress into a party outfit is by slapping on a black blazer and head to your office party in style. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfPlain sheath dress: Do you have any plain dress in your wardrobe? It could be a plain black shirt dress or a plain dress in any colour. You can add glamour to this by either sporting a sequined clutch and high gladiator heels or mules. This look is sporty, chic yet glamorous.A logo shirt: Who would’ve thought wearing a simple logo shirt can make a fun party outfit? Pair the logo t-shirt with a high waist leather skirt. This look is grungey and can make a perfect festive outfit when completed with a pair of black pumps. A pair of studded earrings adds that extra bit of oomph.Playsuits: Playsuits are another great option to turn into party wear. Pull out any solid colored playsuit as they’re flirty and fun, just about perfect for any night out. They’re comfortable yet glamorous and look great the way they are. Pair heels along chunky bracelets and earrings to go with them.
“Den of Thieves” is a convolutedly narrated heist film that involves concepts from other superior crime thrillers of the past. With a handful of stylish shootouts, chase sequences and other confrontations bridged together by a lacklustre screenplay, this over-the-top crime saga is a predictable derivative saga of cops and robbers.The film begins with some onscreen graphics informing us about some true-life statistics about bank robberies in the US. Apparently, a bank robbery occurs every 48 minutes there. Given this information, one expects that the opening sequence in Los Angeles would give us an adrenaline-packed thrilling insight into one such robbery. But instead, we witness a run-of-the-mill heist of an armoured truck by a very well armed gang of thieves. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThis dacoity is led by Ray Merriman (Pablo Schreiber) a one-time special forces soldier and criminal mastermind and cohorts including Enson (Curtis “50 Cents Jackson) and Bosco (Evan Jones).Despite the robbers’ military precision, there are fatalities on both sides. And to the amusement of his colleagues, Ray mentions, “We are cop killers now.”The case catches the attention of the Major Crimes unit of the local Sheriff’s department, led by Nick Flanagan (Gerard Butler) who is also known as “Big Nick” among his co-workers. While surveying the scene of the crime, we learn that he is at loggerheads with the head of FBI. At the same time, he is wary and anxious as he gravely says, “We’re dealing with a different animal here, boys.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveTo top it all, Nick has a troubled personal life. He tells us that he and his unit are bad guys and there’s no reason to doubt that claim.The battle of wills between Ray and Nick aspires an epic level, but the characters exhibit far less real respect for one another. The bad blood incorporates a personal element where both Ray and Nick casually indulge in sex with the same person.Personal foibles apart, Ray and his team eye the Los Angeles branch of the Federal Reserve. In order to succeed in their endeavour, they rope in a genial bartender Donnie (O’Shea Jackson Jr) who is skilled in speed racing. But Nick who tries to stay a step ahead of Ray, roughs up Donnie who knows the consequences of turning into an informer.The plot takes a convoluted route. It oscillates back and forth between the two sides, offering would-be poignant exchanges. It teases the audience unnecessarily with personal issues and wastes precious time that could have been spent on the tense heist and its explosive aftermath, which is where the viewer wants to be. The execution in these moments is thrilling, although muddied by a final plot twist. There is not much time spent on motives or on explaining the ridiculous twist at the end. Also, parts of the film remind you of scenes in “The Usual Suspects” and the 1995 released film “Heat”.As for the performances, despite packed with testosterone-fuelled swagger and tough guy posturing by its ace-cast, the poorly developed characters are its undoing. Without much meaningful character development, the lines between heroes and villains blur. While the film majorly focuses on Butler and Pablo Schreiber who deliver compelling performances, the others too have their moments of onscreen glory.Though the story lacks in originality, it displays more brawn than brains and excels in its production values. The production designs, cinematography, editing and background-score are all of ace quality.
Kolkata: Trinamool Youth Congress president Abhishek Banerjee lashed out at BJP once again on Wednesday, for destroying the social fabric of the country by dividing people on religious lines.While taking part in a road show in Bankura, Banerjee on Wednesday gave a clarion call to oust the saffron party from the Centre. He also urged the people to help Trinamool Congress win in all the 42 Lok Sabha constituencies in the state. Banerjee participated in the road show in favour of Trinamool Congress candidates Subrata Mukherjee and Shyamal Santra. Mukherjee is contesting the elections from the Bankura Lok Sabha seat, while Santra is fighting his electoral battle from Bishnupur. Both the candidates submitted their nominations on Wednesday. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”GST had horrendous consequences for a section of businessmen in the country. Various small and medium scale businessmen are the ones hit worst by the hasty implementation of GST. They were forced to shut down their businesses. Our party had urged the Centre not to implement the GST in haste, as there is no proper infrastructure ready to cope with the situation,” Banerjee said. He also said that BJP is trying to divide people on the basis of their religion, in order to gain political advantage before the polls. “They are also differentiating between the Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in staterich and the poor. People are being divided on the basis of their caste as well,” Banerjee added. “Do not cast a single vote in favour of BJP, which is doing politics over religion. People must throw them out in a democratic way. Those who seek votes in the name of our jawans have no moral right to come to power,” he said. Braving hot and humid condition, a huge number of people gathered at Bishnupur, where the Trinamool Youth Congress chief took out the road show. Banerjee, an outgoing Trinamool Congress MP from Diamond Harbour, is contesting the ongoing Lok Sabha elections from the same seat.
Saraswati Puja was celebrated in West Bengal on February 10 with traditional fervour. Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of music, culture and learning, was worshiped across the state and people were seen carrying clay idols of the deity with a crescent moon on the brow, riding a swan or seated on a lotus. Tiny tots and children decked up in traditional bright-yellow attires signifying ‘Basant Panchami’ – heralding the arrival of spring. Women dressed pretty in saris and boys in kurtas and performing the ‘Anjali’ (offering of flowers with prayers). Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThis time the rituals started a day before as per the almanac. But the main pomp and celebration were stored for Sunday morning which continued till midday in schools, colleges, community clubs and households, with priests chanting mantras and devotees placing seasonal palash flowers at the deity’s feet to the ringing sounds of cymbals and conch shells. Flowers, fruits and sweets placed as ‘prasad’ (offerings). Families throughout cities, towns and villages shared it among themselves. To receive the goddess’s blessings, students also placed their books, pens and musical instruments beside the idol for the entire day. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIt was a day of mirth for children, for whom Saraswati puja is a “no study” day. Too happy to give their textbooks a miss, they participated in cultural functions organised in localities, educational institutes and households. Small marquees came up in almost all localities where neighbours gathered to pay obeisance to the goddess, followed by sumptuous lunch comprising “khichuri” accompanied by eggplant fries, mixed vegetables and dollops of chutney and sweets. Such feasts were held in educational institutions also. “Heartiest greetings to all my brothers and sisters on the occasion of Saraswati Puja,” Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee tweeted on the occasion.
Kolkata: The city on Tuesday witnessed eastern India’s first green corridor which was facilitated to ferry a critical patient to the hospital from the Calcutta airport after he suffered a stroke in Uttar Pradesh.The patient was brought to the city by an air-ambulance on Tuesday morning. Both the Bidhannagar and Kolkata police made necessary arrangements to set up a green corridor in the city to ensure a smooth passage for the patient. The patient, Samarjit Das (69), a resident of Sil Lane in Tangra went to Manasarovar with his family members a few days ago. On his way back to the city, Das had suffered ischemic stroke and pneumonia in Uttar Pradesh. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe patient was brought in an air-ambulance that had taken off from Lucknow. It landed at the city’s airport in the morning. Another ambulance was waiting outside the airport with the police escort. The patient was taken to a private hospital in Mallick Bazar within 23 minutes. The ambulance was however caught in a traffic jam for nearly five minutes at Hudco More before it finally reached the hospital around 11.38 am. Green Corridor was facilitated by Bidhan Nagar police as well as Kolkata Police in their respective jurisdiction. The patient was admitted to the hospital and a surgery was conducted in the hospital later in the day. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateAccording to the hospital sources, patient suffered a major stroke due to his visit to a high-altitude area. As he is an elderly patient, he could not withstand acute shortage of oxygen. A city-based doctor said elderly people suffering from heart related ailments and sugar are often prone to heart attacks. The actual cause of the heart attack in case of Das is yet to be confirmed. The victim’s family members told the hospital doctors that he had no history of heart ailments or sugar. After performing various tests on the patient, the doctors felt the need of an immediate surgery. His condition is stated to be critical. The doctors thanked the police administration for creating the green corridor which helped the patient to reach the hospital on time. It may be mentioned that the city had witnessed a series of green corridors earlier also but in those case organs were transported from one place to another. But, this is for the first time in the state’s history, a critical patient was brought to the hospital.
Born on Nov. 13, 1718, John Montagu was a British diplomat who received his education at Eton and at Trinity College, Cambridge. Before that, in 1729, as a 10-year-old boy, he succeeded his grandfather, Edward Montagu, as the Earl of Sandwich. The title was created in 1660 in recognition of the achievements of Admiral Sir Edward Montagu, who later became Baron Montagu. His great-grandson John served as First Lord of the Admiralty and as Secretary of State for the Northern Department throughout his life and came to be remembered as the man who sponsored Captain James Cook’s exploration voyages, who in exchange named the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) in honor of him. Apparently, he is also the man the famously convenient food is named after.John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich.“Sandwich” has referred to meat (or anything of personal preference really) arranged in between slices of bread since the 18th century in Europe.The practice of placing bread below or around food, or simply using it for scooping something up, has been found in countless cultures predating the 18th century.John Hamilton Mortimer (1740-1779) – Oil on canvas (from left: Dr. Daniel Solander, Sir Joseph Banks, Captain James Cook, Dr. John Hawkesworth, and John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich)Digging deep, the first written usage of the English word can be found in Edward Gibbon’s journal, who referred to “bits of cold meat” as a “Sandwich,” yet using it to describe the sandwich we all love today is found in the satirical travel book A Tour to London; Or New Observations on England and its Inhabitants, penned by the French travel writer and observer Pierre-Jean Grosley.Edward Gibbon was an English historian and writer celebrated for writing The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, published in six volumes.In this satire, Grosley wrote about John Montagu’s bad gambling habits, among his many other vices, describing him as a relentless gambler. If Montagu was on a streak, he would not leave the table for hours, eating only food brought on request in order to stay alive.Oftentimes when hungry, he would order his valet to bring slices of meat tucked between two pieces of bread to his table, allowing him to continue playing cards and fill his stomach at the same time, without the need to use a fork. By doing so, he was keeping the cards clean, and not greasy as they inevitably would be if he was to eat the meat with his bare hands.This habit came to be well known among his gambling friends, so very soon others began to order “the same as Sandwich,” thus giving birth to the “sandwich” much appreciated today.Salmon Cream Cheese Sandwiches. Author Katrin Morenz from Aachen, Deutschland – CC BY-SA 2.0Eight men, evidently Government contractors, sit around a table smoking and drinking. Author Library of CongressThis story is a bit debatable, considering that Grosley was taking a satirical stance on things when writing his memoirs. There is another story, though, found in the writings of Nicholas A. M. Rodger, Sandwich’s biographer. He states that the commitments Sandwich had to the Navy as First Lord of the Admiralty, serving as the Secretary of State for the Northern Department in the government of George Grenville, meant that the most often than not, he had to eat at his working desk.Read another story from us: Elvis Presley’s favorite sandwich was Peanut butter, banana and baconIn his views, the first “sandwich” and countless after it were probably eaten by the Earl at his work desk due to his lack of time to eat proper aristocratic meals. This theory is a more praise-worthy approach to things.
Some people really love Disney World. In fact, they want to be reminded of it every minute of the day and night. A Disney-themed house with two Mickey Mouse-shaped pools is up for sale in Palm Bay, Florida, and drawing tremendous interest.The 7,029-square-foot, five-bedroom, six-bathroom house is listed for $849,000. Besides two pools shaped like the famous mouse, the house has a barn and go-cart track and six-car garage.It is, it goes without saying, within a short driving distance from Disney World.© Treasure Coast Sotheby’s International Realty“The playful residence filled with references to animated Disney characters is the most popular home of the week,” reported realtor.com.According to People magazine, “Inside, the home has been Disney-fied from top to bottom, with some rooms featuring large character murals on brightly colored walls, while others, like the kitchen, include tasteful touches such as small character paintings above the stove, or a mouse-shaped mirror in the bathroom.”The area is not too urban, apparently. “Zoned for horses and other grazing animals,” the listing says.© Treasure Coast Sotheby’s International RealtyThere’s no question that Central Florida was transformed when Walt Disney descended. He had had tremendous success with Disneyland in Anaheim, California, which opened in 1955. For his next park, he wanted access to more land than he had bought in Anaheim.Flying over Orlando, Florida, in the 1960s, Disney supposedly made his decision when the plane crossed over the intersection of I-4 and Route 192.Walt Disney died in 1966, and so he never had the chance to see the park for himself or its astounding growth. The Magic Kingdom, which is at the heart of Disney World, is the most popular theme park in the world with nearly 17 million visitors going through every year.© Treasure Coast Sotheby’s International RealtyOne of the most creative ideas that Walt Disney had for his Florida park was the creation of the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow. The idea was that EPCOT would serve as a testing ground for ideas to be used in cities of the future. It sprang from showing concepts of the future as seen in the recent World’s Fair.It’s a little difficult to wrap your head around the size of Disney World. It takes up 47 square miles of land. It is about twice the size of Manhattan and the same size as San Francisco.Reportedly, in the beginning, Disney executives set up dummy corporations to buy the necessary 27,000 acres of land, to keep the project secret.In 1965 rumors were running wild. Was it Boeing or an atomic energy lab? people wondered.© Treasure Coast Sotheby’s International RealtyWDW Radio reported: “In October, though, Orlando Sentinel reporter Emily Bavar, having her suspicions confirmed after various non-responsive answers from Disney employees, released the story that it was Walt Disney who had been secretly behind the purchases of all of this land. Of course, once it was revealed that Disney was behind the purchases, the prices of land jumped more than 1000 percent!”“That’s partially why Walt bought his first acre of land in Florida for Walt Disney World for $80 and his last for $80,000.”At first it was not certain that Disney’s vision would pay off.When Walt Disney World opened on Oct. 1, 1971, there was low turnout for the first few weeks. “It led some observers to believe Disney’s venture into Florida was a dud,” the Miami Herald wrote. “Disney stock took a tumble.”Then came Thanksgiving of 1971.So many visitors tried to enter Disney World that weekend that the park periodically had to close its doors. “It was a blockbuster, ” recalled Charlie Ridgway, who was Disney’s publicity director at that time.Read another story from us: Unforgettable Mansion used in The Godfather ‘Horse Head Scene’ now for SaleIt now has four separate theme parks, two water parks, 24 hotels with more than 27,000 rooms, more than 300 shops, more than 300 eating places, five golf courses, a sports complex and many other attractions.
Lake Onega ― on the very brink of Northern Europe ― is sprinkled with more than 1,600 tiny islands. It is the second largest lake in Europe, located in northern Russia, between Lake Ladoga and the White Sea. While most of these islands are uninhabited and have little to show apart from stunning nature, one of them holds a true wonder and a real gem of cultural heritage.On the island of Kizhi, there is a 300-year-old Orthodox Christian complex, known as Kizhi Pogost (meaning enclosed cemetery), which includes two adjoining churches and an octagonal bell tower ― all made entirely out of wood.The Church of the Transfiguration (built in 1714) and The Church of the Intercession (built in 1764) on Kizhi Island, two 18th century wooden churchesAlthough both of the churches were built in the 18th century, the bell tower was actually added in 1862, as the original one quickly deteriorated due to harsh weather conditions.The bigger of the two churches, called the Church of Transfiguration, was built on the site where a previous temple was burnt by lighting. It was officially opened when its altar was laid on June 6, 1714, and was renovated in the 19th century, around the time the second bell tower was built.Kizhi churches. Photo by MatthiasKabel CC BY-SA 3.0It is built entirely out of wood, using the octagonal shape of the building to provide the logs with necessary interlocking corner joinery. The traditional Russian carpentry relies on the use of such angular locks which fix the wooden logs in place — meaning no nails were used in the construction of the Kizhi Pogost.Close-up on the domes of the Church of Transfiguration, Kizhi Island, Russia.Usually, a carpenter would carve with his axe a simple round notch or a dovetail joint, as this technique proved most effective with building large wooden structures such as this church. It holds 22 domes, all of which have a silvery shine once met with sunlight, due to the grey shingles made of aspen. The roofs are covered in spruce, and white pine was mostly used for the logs that make up the walls of the church.Wooden churches of Transfiguration and Intercession. Kizhi Island, Russia.The Church of Transfiguration has no heating and is considered a “summer church”, only holding service during the summer months. With its height surpassing 37 meters, it is often hailed as the tallest wooden structure in Northern Europe.Related Video: Incredible Abandoned Church in Northern RussiaAlthough the names of its builders remain unknown, legend has it that the church was erected by the hands of a single carpenter who, after completion, threw his axe into the lake and proclaimed: “There was not and will be not another one to match it.”View of Kizhi Island, the historic site of churches on the marshy banks of the island which is a UNESCO World Heritage SiteWhile the church attracts visitors from afar, due to its breathtaking exterior, its collection of 102 icons, among which is the “The Transfiguration”, represents the true treasure of Russian cultural heritage.As for its counterpart: the smaller yet equally dazzling Church of the Intercession was also constructed as part of the re-built Pogost after a fire swept away the previous churches in the late 17th century. First built as a single-dome, it was re-built between 1720–1749, only to get its iconic nine domes after another reconstruction in 1764.Built in 1794, it is a church of the “octagonal prism on a cube” typeThe design of the second church was intended to correspond with and complement the first one — the Church of Intercession is also known as the “winter church”, holding service from October 1st until Easter.It is built in very similar fashion, also lacking steel nails and relying only on the logs fitting together for support. Although the inside decorum is more modest when compared to its older sister, the Church of Intercession possesses an intricate wall of icons, known as an iconostasis.Historical site dating from the 17th century on Kizhi island, Russia. Church of the Intercession of the Virgin.Although the complex has been exposed to harsh weather and has always been at risk of fire due to its wooden construction, the Kizhi Pogost has managed to survive for three centuries, a standing witness to the ingenuity of the 18th century engineers and architects who relied exclusively on wood.Read another story from us: 800-yr-old Crusader Body Desecrated by Vandals in an Irish Church VaultSince 1990, the entire Kizhi Pogost complex was included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites, and several years later it was proclaimed as a Russian Cultural Heritage site.
Like all viral internet stars, the mongoose have apparently let the viral fame go to their head. They showed up again today and mugged it up for the cameras in a desperate attempt to hang on to their 15 minutes. They are the Ken Bone’s of the animal kingdom.They’re back…Return of the Mongooses!https://t.co/KGoy9ek8q6— The European Tour (@EuropeanTour) November 11, 2016 Yesterday, the Nedbank Challenge golf tournament in Sun City, South Africa briefly turned into a scene from Jumanji, when a pack of wild mongoose invaded a putting green during tournament play.The mongoose displayed impressive golf etiquette by not moving the balls resting on the green during the stampede. Golf clap.About 20 mongoose invade the green…But they know not to interfere with the ball. ?? https://t.co/EBdpVc803Z— The European Tour (@EuropeanTour) November 10, 2016 Advertisement
One night earlier, Minny guard Zach LaVine threw down in a similar fashion on Phoenix big man Alex Len. Ouch. The Timberwolves are the most intriguing 5-11 team in the NBA. Minnesota’s new head coach Tom Thibodeau has struggled during the young season to find wins, but the individual talent on his roster is flashing in Vine form on a nightly basis with some incredible highlights.Last night, the T’Wolves coughed up a heartbreaker to the Warriors,115-102, but in the process, Minnesota’s budding superstar Andrew Wiggins added JaVale McGee to the victim list with a nasty throwdown. Wiggins is a freak show. When do these young Wolves start winning some games Coach Tibs? Advertisement Oh, and the Wolves have the best young player in the NBA in Karl-Anthony Towns, too. Don’t be shocked if they try to add some veteran experience at the trade deadline to pair with their young stars. Do they opt to trade point guard Ricky Rubio in favor of LaVine, who had 31 last night, and rookie point guard Kris Dunn, who only logged 9 minutes?Something needs to be done, and they have assets. They need some wins to go along with their nightly highlight reel of vicious dunks. Playoff hopes die quickly in the Western Conference.
Advertisement Johnny Manziel has been in a public downward spiral since his exit from the NFL. He spent the better part of 2016 facing rumors of drug addiction and legal trouble stemming from domestic violence allegations by his former girlfriend.For most part, Manziel has been defiant on social media, and has appeared emaciated and spaced out when spotted in public. The next Manziel headline most are expecting to see is him dead in a hotel room.Well, 2016 is over, and today, Johnny Football took to Twitter to publicly apologize for his behavior and express his intention to do better this year.In a series of tweets, Manziel admitted he acted like “douche” in 2016, and was candid about his missteps. He used the hashtag #LostInTheSauce. He also said he’s not charging for selfies at the Super Bowl.Haven’t been this happy in a long time man. I appreciate all the people in my life who reached out during the truly rough patches in ’16— Johnny Manziel (@JManziel2) January 19, 2017 Check out more from The Herd Now. No lie.. I was a douche in 2016 I’m just trying to be a good PERSON again#LostInTheSauce— Johnny Manziel (@JManziel2) January 19, 2017When a radio station tweeted that Manziel’s account appeared to be hacked, Manziel clarified it wasn’t. JFF replied, “Nah. Admitting is the first step.”Nah. Admitting is the first step https://t.co/xyMTqNpnGH— Johnny Manziel (@JManziel2) January 19, 2017Hopefully Johnny can get things figured out. He’s right, admitting is the first step.
Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Register Now » September 18, 2013 Mobile apps are no longer, well, mobile apps. They’ve amalgamated with technology that’s vying to get closer to you. I’m not talking about the air-conditioned tie or the iPod toilet dock. Although, the edible rice cracker iPhone 5 case could help with hunger pangs during long working hours.Wearable technology, which makes it sound a lot cooler than saying, “I’ve got a computer chip in my glasses,” is not the only thing that’s pushing the envelope on the mobile app ecosystem. There are app-enabled medical devices, innovation in home automation and even car technology catching consumers’ attention.But no one knows what tomorrow holds including market research firms that predict the market for all wearable technology will more than double to $18.8 billion in 2016 from $9.3 billion this year.What we do know is that consumers are opening up to the fact that their eyeglasses are no longer a simple frame and glass, but pack in a complex computer system; that their watches are no longer about the precision dial, but more about how well they can emulate their mobile phone.Just look under the “Technology” tab on Kickstarter.com and you’ll get a sense of how technology and apps are integrating with our daily lives. Let’s take a look at what’s driving the app economy forward and how that will affect app technology in the future.Popularized by Google Glass and the Pebble Watch, wearable technology seems to be the next big thing, with the likes of Samsung and Intel joining the bandwagon. Wearable technology simply means clothing and accessories incorporating computer and advanced electronic technologies.Some of the most popular accessories are smartwatches, with Samsung launching its latest range called Galaxy Gear and Qualcomm introducing Toq. Intel too has announced a new range of processors aimed at wearable devices. And Nissan isn’t far behind with its Nismo brand.Not only has wearable technology opened doors for entrepreneurs developing new products, it has also benefited app developers by providing a new platform for developing and selling their apps, such as for the Google Glass.Some examples of apps developed for Google Glass are Glass Stocks which allows you to check stock prices right on your glasses and GlassFit, which keeps track of your fitness routines.Wearable fitness devices in particular, have seen considerable traction. Case in point is the Adidas’ miCoach that monitors athletic performance and has sensors that measure speed, pace and distance.Apps like RunKeeper combine the health and fitness industries and also provide an ecosystem for fitness and health-related devices.Keeping with the growth in the wearable health tech space, Qualcomm Life and California health system Palomar recently launched an incubator called Glassomics to support consumer and clinical applications for health-related wearable technology.All that said, huge challenges such as credibility of diagnosis and privacy pertaining to user data still need to be overcome when it comes to wearable health devices.But strides are being made. Big players from across industries such as Intel, Qualcomm and Nissan are investing huge amount of resources in wearable technology thus impacting smart phones, which are beginning to integrate sensors and apps that help foster the wearable tech ecosystem.And as wearable technology continues to innovate and improve, the mobile app industry is more and more ripe for big-data reporting, analysis and implementation. What lies ahead remains to be seen, but the challenges and opportunities are beginning to show up for entrepreneurs and businesses. 3 min read Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box.
LinkedIn is an essential tool for recruiters, a network where individuals’ professional qualifications are emphasized and easily searchable. But according to Adeyemi Ajao, the co-founder of Identified, a big data and analytics company focused on professional information, there are two glaring problems: First, not everyone is on LinkedIn, and second, the search options are not nearly specific enough. A candidate search on LinkedIn casts a loose net says Ajao, and often returns a list of bad or sloppy fits.Ajao believes Identified has solved both these issues. Today, the company announced it had created the largest database of job candidates, with one billion professional profiles and an algorithm that applies big data and predictive analytics to match recruiters with relevant, qualified candidates.LinkedIn, currently the largest professional network, has just over 225 million members, making Identified five times larger than Reid Hoffman’s company. So how did the startup get to a billion? Contrary to LinkedIn, Identified is not limited by a user base, where people need to sign-up to make an account and create a profile. Instead, Identified takes public data from nearly any social media site — Facebook, Twitter, GitHub and LinkedIn, among others — and organizes it into a searchable interface.Currently, Identified focuses strictly on professional information, such as the university you attended, your major, GPA, the company where you work, your job title and your location.Privacy concerns?Ajao stresses the site does not collect data that is not publicly available.“It’s the same public information that you find on Google, we just organize it better,” he says.Related: Could LinkedIn’s New Intro App Put Your Private Info in the Wrong Hands?Still, trolling through someone’s social profile on sites like Facebook or Twitter (even if publicly available), may strike people as invasive, or even creepy.While Ajao doesn’t directly address this, he insists Identified’s aim is to make both recruiters and candidates feel comfortable, which is why a recruiter is able to see only a person’s professional background, not his or her name. If a recruiter is interested in someone, Identified sends the potential candidate a message through a publicly available email address or a social network, like Twitter’s direct message feature.Again, this raises questions around privacy: Receiving an anonymous message over Facebook or Twitter may rub people the wrong way. Ajao insists this middle man approach helps, though. “It’s something dating services have been doing for years,” he says. “People want to find each other, but they want to only find the right people and they want to do it in a comfortable way.”Apparently, privacy isn’t too much of a concern for investors. Founded in 2010, Identified has raised $22.5 million in venture capital from the likes of Venture Capital, VantagePoint Capital and Innovation Endeavors. The startup was able to receive the funding after Ajao and co-founder Brendan Wallace pitched the fact that despite LinkedIn and Facebook’s fairly sophisticated search tools, “no one had focused on using data to identify what a person actually does,” Ajao says.For example, if a hospital recruiter is looking for a nurse, searching for one may turn into a major headache, as there currently approximately 560 nurse labels – anything from chief nursing officer to occupational health nurse practitioner — and no algorithm that could quickly and accurately identify a nurse.Identified set out to exploit this weakness.“For the past year and a half we’ve focused on solving this problem at a scale, across the board, for every profession,” Ajao says. “We’ve finally cracked it.”Related: LinkedIn Rolls Out Enhanced Analytics Suite for BusinessesAn important step was hiring Mohammad Sabah, the former head of Facebook’s data team and ex-employee of Netflix, who helped develop the company’s recommendation algorithm. Sabah has been key in helping Identified create a system to pinpoint relevant candidates that fit the recruiter’s specific qualifications.Telling recruiters what they actually want.Ajao finds that Identified is often better at pinpointing the type of candidate a company is looking for than the recruiters themselves. “A lot of times they click more on the recommendations that we send, because we are basing them on different criteria.” One hospital demonstrated interest only in candidates who worked at university facilities. “They didn’t know it,” Ajao says. “When we talked to the head of recruiting, he said ‘no, no that is not really our criteria.’” When Identified began primarily recommending candidates who had experience working at a university hospital however, the recruitment rates skyrocketed.At Netflix, Ajao says, Sabah learned that the gap between what we think we want and what we actually do can be wide. “You will say, ‘I really like romantic comedies, and Matthew McConaughey.’ But we look at the kind of movies you watch all the way through and the kind of movies you stop watching after 10 minutes. You might say that you like romantic comedies, but what you really like is action with a female lead.”Related: The Cold, Hard Facts About Small Business Hiring (Infographic)Thanks to big data, Ajao believes Identified will soon be able to provide a similar algorithm for both recruiters and those seeking employment. You may think you want one position, but in reality, all your signals indicate that you want an entirely different type of job, and Identified will recognize that discrepancy for you.The next step.One strategy Identified has for closing this talent gap is moving beyond just analyzing professional data. Ajao predicts within the next few months the company will begin taking personality traits into account as well. Seemingly random information about a candidate — his or her taste in movies, food and sports teams – could be revealing. For instance, Ajao discovered the best engineers at Identified all cited their favorite book as Enders Game.But would knowing a candidate’s favorite pizza topping is pepperoni really help determine if he or she would be a good fit for a journalist position? This foray into the personal also raises complicated privacy concerns — a profile listing IQ and personality type seems far more invasive than one that justs lists straight professional data.Despite all this, Ajao is convinced that most people will welcome a highly targeted and relevant approach to recruitment. This strategy has been successfully applied to advertisements — think Google and Facebook — but not to hiring. If all goes well, Identified will permanently disrupt the current model. Otherwise, the company may have a rude awakening when people call foul over email messages telling them their love for pepperoni makes them a perfect fit for a job in analytics.Related: How Online Personality Assessments Could Revolutionize Hiring Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 6 min read October 28, 2013 This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Enroll Now for Free
April 8, 2015 4 min read Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. When you’re new to business, it can be hard finding the funds to hire a lawyer to write a contract. You’re intelligent, and you know you could tweak a template document if you could just find one. Maybe, too, you’re working with people across the country and it makes little logistical sense to mail them the contract and wait for them to sign it.Related: 10 Affordable Tools to Help Online Entrepreneurs Succeed You’d love a tool that lets you write, sign and manage contracts electronically, then store them in the cloud. But you’re not sure what’s available.Here’s the answer: seven free or cheap resources worth checking out.Form repositories 1. Orrick Startup FormsThis resource features corporate formation documents (for Delaware corporations), founders’ stock purchase documents, director- and officer-related documents, employment & consultant documents, technology-related documents and equity-compensation documents. You can download these documents for free after confirming that use of these contracts and documents does not indicate a client-attorney relationship with Orrick.2. FindLaw Small Business Forms & ContractsThis resource features a range of forms, contracts, checklists and other resources for creating, managing and dissolving a business. It includes a Business Balance Sheet, Business Deductions Checklist, Debt Collection Documents, Going Public Due Diligence Checklist, Federal Consumer Credit Laws Checklist, Notice and Articles of Dissolution, Operating Budget, Profit and Loss Statement, Settlement and Distribution of Assets Checklist and Software License Agreement Provisions. You can preview the documents before you download them as mobile apps.Related: Get Business Agreements in WritingMobile apps 3. ShakeThis mobile app allows you to create and sign agreements for a range of purposes. There’s a DJ agreement, several freelance agreements and agreements for confidentiality, renting, buying and loaning money. Shake was named a top app to watch in 2014 by Business Insider, and has been featured in Forbes, The New York Times, TechCrunch and VentureBeat. Contract source web apps 4. DocracyDocracy is a collection of contracts and other legal documents socially curated by everyday users. The service offers reputable, transparent sources and social proof to ensure quality documents. The first version of Docracy was created at an all-night TechCrunch hackathon. The founders had had trouble finding reasonable documents running their previous business, and realized that others had the same problem. With backing from First Round Capital, Vaizra Seed Fund, Quotidian Ventures and Rick Webb, Docracy today provides a place to share your documents and download new ones, as well as sign them electronically.5. LegalZoomYou can register an LLC or incorporate on this legal website as well as download contracts and other legal forms individually, for $14.95. The extensive library of documents houses affidavits, bills of sale, and agreements relevant to business, entertainment, event-planning, household issues, human resources/employment, intellectual property, internet/technology, landlord/tenant, lending, loans/promissory notes, nondisclosure agreements, retail and service-related topics.Contract management web apps Once you already have the contracts you need, these services will help you manage and use your contracts.6. ContractuallyFrom Contractually, you can import existing documents to create your company’s template library. You can then edit the contract within the site and collaborate with others to change the document before each party signs it, using the site’s s e-signature feature. Contractually keeps records of all changes to the document and who made them, and also automatically sends a PDF of the contract once it’s been signed.7. SignNowWith SignNow, you can collect signatures by email or create a link that you can post anywhere. You can collect signatures on any device, and signatures will look like real ink. Manage the users in your organization with SignNow’s teams feature. You can collect information from forms into CSV format. With SignNow, you can send contracts in bulk, obtaining up to 1,000 signatures at a time. SignNow integrates with SalesForce, Office365 and Google Apps. Want to set up your iPad so that users can complete a single document without access to the rest of your account? Put SignNow in kiosk mode.Related: 3 Online Tools To Find Funding Enroll Now for Free